Wednesday, July 1, 2015

Revolutionary War

 Our Revolutionay Soldiers

Upon the completion of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, Samuel Adams, known as the "Father of the American Revolution" said,   "We have this day restored to Sovereign to Whom all men ought to be obedient. He reigns in Heaven and from the rising to the setting of the sun, let His Kingdom come."

 Just before his death, Thomas Jefferson called his friends and family to his bedside and said:  "I have done for my country and for all mankind all that I could do, and I now resign my soul without fear to my God, - my daughter to my country."
My recent research has been not about one progenitor, but about a group of our progenitors who fought for our nation’s independence.  After watching a webnar on how to research our Revolutionary War ancestors, I started a search that pleasantly surprised me. Less than 40% of the colonists were Patriots.  A little more than 20% were Loyalists. The rest of the colonists just wanted to be left alone. Patriot support came in three possible ways—join the Continental Army, join the State Militia, and or provide non-military support such as political office service, correspondence, food, uniforms, weapons, horses, etc. for the cause.

My research utilized service records, pension records, bounty land records, private relief acts, and Revolutionary War Histories (Individual, Regimental, Battle, State/Local, Group, and Continental Army). There is much more research that can be done in our family’s role in the Independence of our Nation.

So far I have found two third-great-grandfathers, eight fourth-great-grandfathers, and two fifth- great-grandfathers who fought for the Independence of our Nation. I thought it fitting to honor them this 2015 Independence Day.  As we enjoy our hotdogs and fireworks, let us remember our forefathers who fought for the freedom of this great nation.

Daniel Wallace (3rd great grandfather):
Born Ireland before 1765 Died 1828 Fairfield, Westmoreland, PA
Service Date 30 December 1780, NY, USA
New York Militia, 1st Regiment, Private

William H Brannon (4th great grandfather):
Born 1745 VA Died 1802 SC
Continental Troops, Private
Served 496 days as a horseman under Captain Major Parsons and James Hambleton and Col. Roebuck
Pension record states:
1 September 1775-1778
1st Battalion
Promoted to a Captain

Reuben Payne (4th great grandfather):
Born 1732 Essex, VA Died 21 January 1821 Wayne, Lincoln, KY
Service 1776-1778
Rank-Captain, County Militia
American Revolutionary War
Indian Wars (1778-1781) Southern Campaign

Peter McCune (4th great grand father)
Born Nov 1748 Died 15 January 1832 VA
Virginia Pension Record
Rank-Private, Service 5 April 1779, VA, 13th Regiment, Rank Sergeant
Pension from 3 August 1818 to 1832
Widow’s pension filed by Christina McCune through 1843
VA  #M804  Roll#1675  48 pages

James Stewart (3rd great grandfather)
Born 1755 York, PA Died 1830 York, PA
US Army Register of Enlistments, Private, 19th USA, under Captain McGill
Description: 5’ 11”, Grey Eyes, Dark Hair, Dark Complexion, age 31, Farmer, York, PA
Enlisted Oct by LT. Warner for 5 years
Attached to 14th, LT. Hackley, Captain William J Adams, Attached to 19th at Green Bay June 30to Aug 21-16, Deserted May 16/16

Solomon Cox (4th great grandfather)
Born 1730 Delaware Died Ross County, Ohio 1812
“At the Cox homestead the first meetings of the Regulators were held.  Solomon’s name appears in the deliberations. (Colonial Records of NC) It was from this movement that armed resistance was offered the government in the Battle of Alamance in 1771. The Colonists were defeated by the British and twelve men were found guilty of treason and six were hung. The British Governor had been confiscating property of the Colonists and giving it to his British Cronies. This battle laid the groundwork for our Declaration of Independence.
Also in Battle of Kings Mountain

Uriah Springer (3rd great grandfather)
Died 21 July 1838, Streator, La Salle, IL
Captain, Virginia Militia, 1776, Entered 19 Dec 1776-31 Mar 1783
PA, Captain Infantry, 7 Mar 1792
Received Land Warrant Pension Ohio 1890

 John Stockdell (4th great grandfather)
Born 1755 Va  Died 1840 Monongalia, VA
Continental Army, Enlisted 16 December 1776, three years, Private, VA line
Transferred to Morristown, NJ 1 May 1777 to the Commander-in Chief’s Guard, Commanded by Captain Caleb Gibbs, in hospital 11 August 1777,at Battle of Monmouth, NJ 28 May 1778, Discharged 16 December 1779 Morristown, NJ
Commander-in-Chief’s Guard consisted of 180 troops that were with General Washington wherever he went as his personal guard.

Benjamin Hardin (4th great grandfather)
Born 1753 Franklin County, KY  Died 25 September 1834 Henry County, KY
Kentucky Mounted Volunteers, John Caldwell’s Battalion1794 Corporal, Muster Roll
 14 July 1794-26 October 1794, Captain Jeremiah Briscoe, 111 days, $15/month
Pension filed 4 May 1831, Henry County, KY
Service Virginia Line, Private under Captain Steven Ashby, Regiment COL. Neviell, 10 months-pay $40, Profession Blacksmith, fought in McIntosh’s Campaign, Seige of York Town
SAR #2512 application 29 April 1889  Benejamin Hardin is the brother of General William Hardin, known as “Indian Bill”.  Both were Revolutionary War soldiers. Ben Hardin’s wife, Sarah Hardin, is sister of General John Hardin who was killed by Indians in Ohio in 1792. Gen John Hardin was also a Revolutionary Soldier as was his father Martin Hardin of VA.

John Routt (5th great grandfather)
Born 17 December 1742, VA  Died 22 January 1827, KY
Hall’s Regiment Calvary—a company of mounted volunteers from KY under command of Captain John Hall, commaned by Major General Charles Scott.
Enlisted 22 September 1793, absent from muster at Fort Washington 11 November 1793 by permission of General Scott.  Name appears in column of names present.
Kentucky Land Grant Book #11, 400 acres, 2 December 1788, County Nelsen, Water Course Peach Fork

George Heathman (5th great grandfather)
Born 1750, Maryland  Died 1821, KY
Maryland Revolutionary War Records, Militia, Enrolled by Nich Scybert, passed by R. Crabb 5 August 1776, Fidelity Oath 1778

Magnus McDonald (4th great grandfather)
Born 1750 Montgomery, VA  Died 1810 Wilson, TN
DAR # A131363
Service: VA Ensign, Patriotic Service, Captain Montgomery, Montgomery Co., Oath of Allegiance 1777, Montgomery County, VA, Kings Mountain List, Col. William Campbell, Received Land Grant

Thomas “Turner” Lee Wilkerson (4th great grandfather)
Born 1758 VA  Died 19 March 1838 TN
Private $10/month pension, Infantry-Private, 6th Regiment 2years, Col Christian ?, Captain Walkins, Battle of Little York, several skirmishes, enlisted 1776 Henrico, VA, Virginia Line

The Battle of the Great Bridge, Battle of York Town

Wednesday, July 30, 2014

Barbara Hume (1670-1745)

First I would like to say there is a disagreement among researchers on the Barbara Hume/William Hoge line.  As new records are discovered, our line may change.  I am going with this research because I have DNA matches with both her and her brother George's descendants.  Records and history for George Hume are much better and more prolific than records for Barbara Hume.

The period from 1680 until 1685 was one of the fiercest in terms of persecution and a few months between 1684-85 became forever known as the "Killing Times". Charles' brother James II had come to the throne and was a believer in the Devine Right of Kings and a supporter of the Roman Catholic faith. It became his sworn intent to totally eradicate the Presbyterians.

The Covenanters were now flushed out and hunted down as never before and the common soldier was empowered to take life at will of any suspect without trial of law. Usually it was done without any evidence and often as the result of the suspicions of an over-zealous town official or Minister. Brutality in these days defied the imagination and the persecution had no mercy on man, woman or child, irrespective of circumstances. Any class of Covenanter once caught by the King's troops could be shot or murdered on the spot.

Sir James Hume and his wife Marjorie Johnson, and their two children, born in Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire, Scotland,  had been imprisoned and their land seized because they refused to follow the "Kirk" decreed by the Stewarts. James' brother intervened and they were released on condition they depart for America. En-route to America Barbara's parents died in an epidemic aboard the ship, Caledonia.  William Hoge became her protector and delivered her to an uncle, Dr. Johnson, in New York. William settled in Perth Amboy, New Jersey and later he and Barbara were married.

The Humes came over on the ship Caledonia which was a ship used for prisoners expelled by the British government to the American Colonies for political reasons.  There are several relics of the old vessel in parts of the state of New Jersey, in the possession of those who claim descent from those she brought to our shores.

William Hoge/Barbara Hume Headstone Memorial Marker

Barbara Hume can be looked upon as a survivor of adversity.  She and her husband William Hoge lived first in New Jersey and then settled in Virginia. They worked hard and became respected landowners. They donated land and built the first log meeting house for the Presbyterian Church in Winchester, Virginia.

Barbara Hume * (1670 - 1745)
is our 7th great grandmother

Mary Hogue * (1688 - 1735)
daughter of Barbara Hume *
Mark Hardin * (1718 - 1790)
son of Mary Hogue *
Benjamin Hardin * (1753 - 1834)
son of Mark Hardin *
Daniel Hardin * (1790 - 1850)
son of Benjamin Hardin *
Martin V Hardin * (1834 - 1881)
son of Daniel Hardin *
Nancy Wilson Hardin * (1858 - 1933)
daughter of Martin V Hardin *
Walter Scott Bramblett * (1882 - 1978)
son of Nancy Wilson Hardin *
Margaret May Belle Bramblett * (1911 - 1988)
daughter of Walter Scott Bramblett *

Wednesday, April 23, 2014

Hume Family

Hume Family

The Hume family records go well back in the Middle-Ages.  If you have ever seen the movie Braveheart, you have an idea of the life of this warrior family.  The family had the tragic distinction of seeing every first son die either in battle or as a prisoner of the English from 1413 to 1576, a time when life in the border country was often short and brutal. Sir David Hume’s grandson, of the same name, and the eldest of his seven sons, Sir George both died at the battle of Flodden Field in 1513 and may be buried in the burial ground there.

The union of the Scottish and English crowns under James in 1603 began the long path to the formal Act of Union in 1707. This brought an unfamiliar calm to the border country. Landed families could concentrate their revenues on building grand houses without concern for fortification and engage in the rapid intellectual and philosophical (and recreational) developments now known as the Scottish Enlightenment. But our colonial story starts with an orphaned twelve year-old girl by the name of Barbara Hume whose family fled from religious and political persecution in 1682.

Present Day Wedderburn Castle 

David (Laird Wedderburn) Hume *Sir (1520 - 1574)
is our 12th great grandfather
George (Barron ofWedderburn) Hume * Sir (1550 - 1616)
son of David (Laird Wedderburn) Hume *Sir
David (Laird of Wedderburn) Hume * (1586 - 1650)
son of George (Barron of Wedderburn) Hume * Sir
son of David (Laird of Wedderburn) Hume *
son of George Hume * Sir
daughter of James Hume Sir*
daughter of Barbara Hume *
son of Mary Hogue *
son of Mark Hardin *
son of Benjamin Hardin *
son of Daniel Hardin *
daughter of Martin V Hardin *
son of Nancy Wilson Hardin *
daughter of Walter Scott Bramblett *

Johan Gustaffson 1618-1682

Many countries were involved in the colonizing of the New World.  Our family results from most of these countries.  There were disputes among these countries until we were finally a sovereign nation unto ourselves. This is but one example.

"Johan Gustaffson from the Kinnekulle area, Skaraborg Iän, came to New Sweden in 1643 as a soldier under Governor Printz. Printz' successor, Governor Rising, promoted him to the position of a gunner and, as such, he was stationed at Fort Trinity (New Castle) in 1655 when Captain Sven Skute surrendered the fort to the Dutch. . . After the surrender of New Sweden to the Dutch, Johan Gustafsson moved northward to Kingsessing where he died c. 1682, leaving a widow and at least eleven children. They kept Gustafsson as their surname, but it was heard and written by the English as Eustafason, Justison, etc. [John Gustafsson's name last appears in a public record on 14 March 1681/2 when it was agreed that the lawsuit by Peter [Mattson] Dalboe vs. John Eustasson for trespass would be referred to arbitration. CCR, 1:11-12]. Justis, Justus or Justice finally evolved as the family surname. By 1693, several members of the family had married and left home: Gustaf, Mans, Anna and Hans"

"Kinnekulle is a large wooded hill or plateau, nine miles long and four miles across, rising 860 feet above Lake Vanern in Skaraborg County in central Sweden. This was the home area of the Swedish soldier Johan Gustafsson, progenitor of numerous Justice, Justis and justus descendants in America. Johan Gustafsson came to New Sweden on the Swam in 1643 on the fourth Expedition and was initially stationed at Fort Elfsborg, commonly called 'Fort Mosquito' by the men living there. The fort was located on the east side of the Delaware River near the present town of Salem, N.J. Governor Rising replaced Governor Printz as Governor in 1654 and promoted Gustasson to the rank of gunner, transferring him to Fort Trinity at present New Castle, Delaware. While there, Johan Gustafsson married Brita Mansdotter, whose father Mans Andersson was then living nearby

"After the surrender of New Sweden to the Dutch in September 1655, Johan Gustafsson decided to join his countrymen in the new, self-governing 'Swedish Nation' located north of the Christina River. He established his plantation in Kingsessing (West Philadelphia) on the banks of the Schuylkill River. The English patent for this plantation, dated 16 May 1669, named him John 'Eustas' and described the tract as including 150 acres. He later expanded his holding to 300 acres. Johan Gustafsson died in Kingsessing around 1682 and was survived by his wife Brita and eleven children. Half of his plantation went to his eldest son. The other half was sold in 1699.

Johan Gustafsson * (1618 - 1682)
is our 8th great grandfather
Gustaf Gustafsson (1655 - 1722)
son of Johan Gustafsson *
Mans Justis * (1684 - 1774)
son of Gustaf Gustafsson
Catherine Justis * (1718 - 1790)
daughter of Mans Justis *
Magness McDonald * (1750 - 1809)
son of Catherine Justis *
John or Jack McDonald or McDaniel * (1794 - 1855)
son of Magness McDonald *
Nancy S McDonald * (1843 - 1869)
daughter of John or Jack McDonald or McDaniel *
Martin Crenshaw Holland * (1868 - 1940)
son of Nancy S McDonald *
Ollie Florence Holland * (1892 - 1969)
daughter of Martin Crenshaw Holland *
Margaret May Belle Bramblett * (1911 - 1988)
daughter of Ollie Florence Holland *

Monday, April 7, 2014

Thomas Edward Ashby 1682-1752

Captain Thomas Edward Ashby (1682-1752)
Thomas came to Virginia Colony, (Tydewater), then settling in Shenandoah Valley about 1710 along Beaverdam Rum of Aquia Creek and Chopawamsic Creek. By 1739 lands adjacent his had been surveryed in his son's names. He was an early explorer across the Blue Ridge Mountains into the Shenandoah Valley and "Ashby Gap" is named after him. He claimed 1269 acres on the East side of the Shenandoah River on Novermber 19, 1733. He served as a Captain in the county militia and was active as a companion to surveyors of the Blue Ridge Mountains. He owned a ferry across the Shenandoah River and a tavern at Ashby's Gap. He died in 1752 with his will proven in Winchester Court August 4, 1752.  Thomas’ six sons also were members of the Virginia Militia.  The five,older sons fought in the Revolutionary War.  The youngest son fought in the War of 1812.

Ashby Gap Shenandoah Valley

Letter from George Washington to John Ashby Oct 14 1755 - The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799. John C. Fitzpatrick, Editor. Winchester, October 14th., 1755. It is my express Orders, that you do not presume to March your Company down on any pretence whatsoever, unless compelled by the Enemy. Clothes will be sent up immediately to you, which you may distribute to the most needy of your Company; and Money I shall bring up to pay them off, if wanted.

Ashby Inn

Ashby Land Grant

Thomas Edward Ashby *Capt. (1682 - 1752)
is our 6th great grandfather
Elizabeth Ashby * (1720 - 1758)
daughter of Thomas Edward Ashby *Capt.
Benjamin Hardin * (1753 - 1834)
son of Elizabeth Ashby *
Daniel Hardin * (1790 - 1850)
son of Benjamin Hardin *
Martin V Hardin * (1834 - 1881)
son of Daniel Hardin *
Nancy Wilson Hardin * (1858 - 1933)
daughter of Martin V Hardin *
Walter Scott Bramblett * (1882 - 1978)
son of Nancy Wilson Hardin *
Margaret May Belle Bramblett * (1911 - 1988)
daughter of Walter Scott Bramblett *

Wednesday, April 2, 2014

William Berry 1610-1654

William Berry was born in Norfolk, England, the son of Johan Berry. He was in service to Captain John Mason in 1631, when Mason sent 58 men and 22 women to the Piscataqua River in North America.
The following were returned as belonging to Sandy Beach in 1688: William Berry (his son), John Berry (his son), John Marden, John Foss 1st, John Foss Jr., John Odiorne, Anthony Brackett, Francis Ran, Thomas Ran, WIlliam Wallis, James Randall, William Seavie, James Berry (his son), Samuel Ran, John Seavie, Anthony Libbie, and Jos. 
William Berry married Jane Locke Hermins in 1636 in the town of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. He signed the Glebe Conveyance in 1640. {S7}. In 1640, only seventeen years after the first settling of Portsmouth, Francis Williams, (the governor,) Ambrose Gibbins, William Jones, Renald Fernald, John Crowther, Anthony Bracket, Michael Chatterton, Jno. Wall, Robert Puddington, Matthew Coe, Henry Sherburn, John Lander, Henry Taler, Jno. Jones, William Berry, Jno. Pickering, Jno. Billing, Jno. Wolten, Nicholas Row and William Palmer, the principal inhabitants of Portsmouth, made a deed of fifty acres of land in Portstmouth for a Glebe, or Parsonage.
He became a freeman on 18 May 1642 in Newbury, Massachusetts and is on the list of the first settlers of Newbury.
 He received a lot "upon the neck of land on the south side of the Little River at Sandy Beach on January 31, 1648 that included the area where 'Locke's Neck' is located.

Berry served as a Selectman of Strawberry Bank (which is now Portsmouth, New Hampshire) in 1646. 
·                  Savage, James A., A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, 1860-   1862., (Boston 1860-1862; rpt Baltimore 1955), [Savage], 1:171
·                  The Berrys by the beach : one of New Hampshire's first families / by Sylvia Fitts Getchell.
·                  New England Marriages Prior to 1700,Charles Torrey,New England Historic and Genealogy          Society, Boston
·                  Parsons, Langdon B., History of the Town of Rye, NH From Its Discovery and Settlement to December 31, 1903, (1905; repr. Bowie, MD: Heritage Press 1992), [RyeHist], 269.
·                  Brewster, Charles W., The Selling of the Land, ~186

Freeman in Colonial Times
Black's Law Dictionary (9th edition) defines Freeman as 1. A person who possesses and enjoys all the civil and political rights belonging to the people under a free government. 2. A person who is not a slave. 3. Hist. A member of a municipal corporation (a city or a borough) who possesses full civic rights, esp. the right to vote. 4. Hist. A freeholder. Cf. VILLEIN. 5. Hist. An allodial landowner. Cf. VASSAL. - also written free man.[2]
"Freedom" was earned after an allotted time, or until the person demanding "payment" was satisfied – this was known as indentured servitude, and was not originally intended as a stigma or embarrassment for the person involved since many of the sons and daughters of the wealthy and famous of the time found themselves forced into such temporary servitude.
An indentured servant would sign a contract agreeing to serve for a specific number of years, typically five or seven. Many immigrants to the colonies came as indentured servants, with someone else paying their passage to the Colonies in return for a promise of service. At the end of his service, according to the contract, the indentured servant (male or female) usually would be granted a sum of money, a new suit of clothes, land, or perhaps passage back to England. An indentured servant was not the same as an apprentice or a child who was "placed out."

Once a man was made a freeman, and was no longer considered a common, he could, and usually would, become a member of the church, and he could own land. The amount of land he was able to own was sometimes determined by how many members there were in his family. As a freeman, he became a member of the governing body, which met in annual or semiannual meetings (town meetings) to make and enforce laws and pass judgment in civil and criminal matters. As the colonies grew these meetings became impractical and a representative bicameral system was developed. Freeman would choose deputy governors who made up the upper house of the General Court and assistant governors, the lower house, who chose the governor from among their ranks, and who passed judgments in civil and criminal matters. To hold one of these offices it was required, of course, for one to be a freeman. Thus, the enfranchised voters and office holders were landholding male church members. Women, Native Americans and other non-Puritans were not made freeman.
Initially, any male first entering into a colony, or just recently having become a member of one of the local churches, was formally not free. They were considered common. Such persons were never forced to work for another individual, per se, but their movements were carefully observed, and if they veered from the Puritanical ideal, they were asked to leave the colony. If they stayed or later returned to the colony, they were occasionally put to death.
There was an unstated probationary period that the prospective "freeman" needed to go through, and if he did pass this probationary period of time – usually one to two years – he was allowed his freedom.
A Freeman was said to be free of all debt, owing nothing to anyone except God Himself.

William Berry (1610 - 1654)
is our 9th great grandfather
Henry Berry (1635 - 1672)
son of William Berry
Henry Berry (1660 - 1692)
son of Henry Berry
Rosanna Berry * (1682 - 1752)
daughter of Henry Berry
Elizabeth Ashby * (1720 - 1758)
daughter of Rosanna Berry *
Benjamin Hardin * (1753 - 1834)
son of Elizabeth Ashby *
Daniel Hardin * (1790 - 1850)
son of Benjamin Hardin *
Martin V Hardin (1834 - 1881)
son of Daniel Hardin *
Nancy Wilson Hardin * (1858 - 1933)
daughter of Martin V Hardin
Walter Scott Bramblett * (1882 - 1978)
son of Nancy Wilson Hardin *
Margaret May Belle Bramblett * (1911 - 1988)
daughter of Walter Scott Bramblett *

Wednesday, March 5, 2014

Daniel Hardin (1790-1850)

Daniel Hardin (1790-1850)

When Daniel Hardin (our 3rd great grandfather) was born in 1790 in Kentucky, his father, Benjamin was 37 and his mother, Nancy, was 24.  He married Rebecca Kelly on June 9, 1812, in Henry County, Kentucky.  They had four children in 25 years.  At the age of 23 he joined the Kentucky Militia Volunteers in the War of 1812 and fought in the Battle of the Thames.  He died after 1850 in Owen County, Kentucky, at the age of 60.

Frontier life in early Kentucky

The Hardin Family came to Kentucky in the early 1750’s from Virginia. Daniel Hardin’s grandfather, named Mark, settled in Kettle Run, Kentucky. Other Hardins settled in the vicinity of Henry and Owen Counties. The Hardin family was of French Huguenot and Scottish decent.  Settlers of English, Scottish, Scotch-Irish, Irish, Welsh, and German descent were the primary ethnic groups migrating to Kentucky. There were also French settlers in lesser numbers. Daniel’s ancestor Jean Hardewyn (1625-1721) immigrated to America in the mid-17th century, settling in New York. Jean’s grandson Marcus Hardin (1681-1735) moved from New York to Virginia. His great grandson was Daniel (1790-1850).
The Hardins were no strangers to the frontier. Whether it was New York in 1650, Virginia in 1740, they had often been part of that leading edge of settlement ever pushing westward. But the Kentucky to which the Hardins moved was still in the midst of a war between pioneers and Native Americans.
The loss of a family member to Indian attack, accident, or illness was not unusual in pioneer Kentucky. Thousands of settlers died from these causes. The threat of Indian raids into Kentucky continued until the American victory at Fallen Timbers in 1794. Outbreaks of illness could decimate entire families and settlements. But births and the migration rate into Kentucky far out-paced the mortality rate.
The dawning of the 19th century saw a population of almost 224,000 in Kentucky. The state’s population had more than tripled since the 1790 census. And, ten years later, the 1810 census recorded Kentucky’s official population at 406,511. Settlers were moving into and also moving out of Kentucky at ever increasing rates. As Indian lands opened up to settlement to the north in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois; to the south in Tennessee, Louisiana, Alabama, and Mississippi; and to the west in Missouri and Arkansas, people living in Kentucky often moved on in search of a better life. They might have been born and raised in Kentucky or have lived there for years. Others were simply passing through, maybe only staying a year or two before moving on. The Ohio River and the Cumberland Gap served as the major transportation routes into Kentucky. A variety of roads and rivers facilitated travel through the state.
There were two major routes into pioneer Kentucky – the Cumberland Gap and the Ohio River. Countless settlers walked and rode horse and wagon into Kentucky through the Gap. Flatboats, also called Kentucky boats for their destination, were a major means of moving family and possessions – including livestock – downriver to the settlers’ new western home.

Battle of the Thames

The Battle of the Thames was a pivotal American victory during the War of 1812. On October 5, 1813, General William Henry Harrison, who also was the governor of the Indiana Territory and a future president of the United States of America, led an army of 3,500 American troops against a combined force of eight hundred British soldiers and five hundred Native American warriors at Moraviantown, along the Thames River in Ontario, Canada. The British troops were under the command of Colonel Henry Procter. Tecumseh, a Shawnee Native American chief, commanded many of the Native American warriors. The British army was retreating from Fort Malden, Ontario after Oliver Hazard Perry's victory in the Battle of Lake Erie in September 1813. Tecumseh convinced Colonel Procter to make a stand at Moraviantown.
The American army won a total victory. As soon as the American troops advanced, the British soldiers fled or surrendered. The Native Americans fought fiercely, but lost heart and scattered after Tecumseh died on the battlefield. The identity of the person who killed Tecumseh is still vigorously debated.

The Battle of the Thames was an important land battle of the War of 1812 in the American Northwest. Since the early 1800s, Tecumseh had sought to form a confederacy of Native American tribes to stop white Americans from seizing Native American land. Tecumseh's death and General Harrison's victory marked the end of Tecumseh's Confederacy, as the natives now lacked a strong, unifying leader. Over the next three decades, Native Americans in the old Northwest signed treaties, forsaking claims to the land in this region.

Daniel Hardin * (1790 - 1850)
is our 3rd great grandfather
Martin V Hardin (1834 - 1881)
son of Daniel Hardin *
Nancy Wilson Hardin * (1858 - 1933)
daughter of Martin V Hardin
Walter Scott Bramblett * (1882 - 1978)
son of Nancy Wilson Hardin *
Margaret May Belle Bramblett * (1911 - 1988)
daughter of Walter Scott Bramblett *