Wednesday, April 23, 2014

Hume Family

Hume Family

The Hume family records go well back in the Middle-Ages.  If you have ever seen the movie Braveheart, you have an idea of the life of this warrior family.  The family had the tragic distinction of seeing every first son die either in battle or as a prisoner of the English from 1413 to 1576, a time when life in the border country was often short and brutal. Sir David Hume’s grandson, of the same name, and the eldest of his seven sons, Sir George both died at the battle of Flodden Field in 1513 and may be buried in the burial ground there.

The union of the Scottish and English crowns under James in 1603 began the long path to the formal Act of Union in 1707. This brought an unfamiliar calm to the border country. Landed families could concentrate their revenues on building grand houses without concern for fortification and engage in the rapid intellectual and philosophical (and recreational) developments now known as the Scottish Enlightenment. But our colonial story starts with an orphaned twelve year-old girl by the name of Barbara Hume whose family fled from religious and political persecution in 1682.

Present Day Wedderburn Castle 

David (Laird Wedderburn) Hume *Sir (1520 - 1574)
is our 12th great grandfather
George (Barron ofWedderburn) Hume * Sir (1550 - 1616)
son of David (Laird Wedderburn) Hume *Sir
David (Laird of Wedderburn) Hume * (1586 - 1650)
son of George (Barron of Wedderburn) Hume * Sir
son of David (Laird of Wedderburn) Hume *
son of George Hume * Sir
daughter of James Hume Sir*
daughter of Barbara Hume *
son of Mary Hogue *
son of Mark Hardin *
son of Benjamin Hardin *
son of Daniel Hardin *
daughter of Martin V Hardin *
son of Nancy Wilson Hardin *
daughter of Walter Scott Bramblett *

Johan Gustaffson 1618-1682

Many countries were involved in the colonizing of the New World.  Our family results from most of these countries.  There were disputes among these countries until we were finally a sovereign nation unto ourselves. This is but one example.

"Johan Gustaffson from the Kinnekulle area, Skaraborg Iän, came to New Sweden in 1643 as a soldier under Governor Printz. Printz' successor, Governor Rising, promoted him to the position of a gunner and, as such, he was stationed at Fort Trinity (New Castle) in 1655 when Captain Sven Skute surrendered the fort to the Dutch. . . After the surrender of New Sweden to the Dutch, Johan Gustafsson moved northward to Kingsessing where he died c. 1682, leaving a widow and at least eleven children. They kept Gustafsson as their surname, but it was heard and written by the English as Eustafason, Justison, etc. [John Gustafsson's name last appears in a public record on 14 March 1681/2 when it was agreed that the lawsuit by Peter [Mattson] Dalboe vs. John Eustasson for trespass would be referred to arbitration. CCR, 1:11-12]. Justis, Justus or Justice finally evolved as the family surname. By 1693, several members of the family had married and left home: Gustaf, Mans, Anna and Hans"

"Kinnekulle is a large wooded hill or plateau, nine miles long and four miles across, rising 860 feet above Lake Vanern in Skaraborg County in central Sweden. This was the home area of the Swedish soldier Johan Gustafsson, progenitor of numerous Justice, Justis and justus descendants in America. Johan Gustafsson came to New Sweden on the Swam in 1643 on the fourth Expedition and was initially stationed at Fort Elfsborg, commonly called 'Fort Mosquito' by the men living there. The fort was located on the east side of the Delaware River near the present town of Salem, N.J. Governor Rising replaced Governor Printz as Governor in 1654 and promoted Gustasson to the rank of gunner, transferring him to Fort Trinity at present New Castle, Delaware. While there, Johan Gustafsson married Brita Mansdotter, whose father Mans Andersson was then living nearby

"After the surrender of New Sweden to the Dutch in September 1655, Johan Gustafsson decided to join his countrymen in the new, self-governing 'Swedish Nation' located north of the Christina River. He established his plantation in Kingsessing (West Philadelphia) on the banks of the Schuylkill River. The English patent for this plantation, dated 16 May 1669, namedhim John 'Eustas' and described the tract as including 150 acres. He later expanded his holding to 300 acres. Johan Gustafsson died in Kingsessing around 1682 and was survived by his wife Brita and eleven children. Half of his plantation went to his eldest son. The other half was sold in 1699.

Johan Gustafsson * (1618 - 1682)
is our 8th great grandfather
Gustaf Gustafsson (1655 - 1722)
son of Johan Gustafsson *
Mans Justis * (1684 - 1774)
son of Gustaf Gustafsson
Catherine Justis * (1718 - 1790)
daughter of Mans Justis *
Magness McDonald * (1750 - 1809)
son of Catherine Justis *
John or Jack McDonald or McDaniel * (1794 - 1855)
son of Magness McDonald *
Nancy S McDonald * (1843 - 1869)
daughter of John or Jack McDonald or McDaniel *
Martin Crenshaw Holland * (1868 - 1940)
son of Nancy S McDonald *
Ollie Florence Holland * (1892 - 1969)
daughter of Martin Crenshaw Holland *
Margaret May Belle Bramblett * (1911 - 1988)
daughter of Ollie Florence Holland *

Monday, April 7, 2014

Thomas Edward Ashby 1682-1752

Captain Thomas Edward Ashby (1682-1752)
Thomas came to Virginia Colony, (Tydewater), then settling in Shenandoah Valley about 1710 along Beaverdam Rum of Aquia Creek and Chopawamsic Creek. By 1739 lands adjacent his had been surveryed in his son's names. He was an early explorer across the Blue Ridge Mountains into the Shenandoah Valley and "Ashby Gap" is named after him. He claimed 1269 acres on the East side of the Shenandoah River on Novermber 19, 1733. He served as a Captain in the county militia and was active as a companion to surveyors of the Blue Ridge Mountains. He owned a ferry across the Shenandoah River and a tavern at Ashby's Gap. He died in 1752 with his will proven in Winchester Court August 4, 1752.  Thomas’ six sons also were members of the Virginia Militia.  The five,older sons fought in the Revolutionary War.  The youngest son fought in the War of 1812.

Ashby Gap Shenandoah Valley

Letter from George Washington to John Ashby Oct 14 1755 - The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799. John C. Fitzpatrick, Editor. Winchester, October 14th., 1755. It is my express Orders, that you do not presume to March your Company down on any pretence whatsoever, unless compelled by the Enemy. Clothes will be sent up immediately to you, which you may distribute to the most needy of your Company; and Money I shall bring up to pay them off, if wanted.

Ashby Inn

Ashby Land Grant

Thomas Edward Ashby *Capt. (1682 - 1752)
is our 6th great grandfather
Elizabeth Ashby * (1720 - 1758)
daughter of Thomas Edward Ashby *Capt.
Benjamin Hardin * (1753 - 1834)
son of Elizabeth Ashby *
Daniel Hardin * (1790 - 1850)
son of Benjamin Hardin *
Martin V Hardin * (1834 - 1881)
son of Daniel Hardin *
Nancy Wilson Hardin * (1858 - 1933)
daughter of Martin V Hardin *
Walter Scott Bramblett * (1882 - 1978)
son of Nancy Wilson Hardin *
Margaret May Belle Bramblett * (1911 - 1988)
daughter of Walter Scott Bramblett *

Wednesday, April 2, 2014

William Berry 1610-1654

William Berry was born in Norfolk, England, the son of Johan Berry. He was in service to Captain John Mason in 1631, when Mason sent 58 men and 22 women to the Piscataqua River in North America.
The following were returned as belonging to Sandy Beach in 1688: William Berry (his son), John Berry (his son), John Marden, John Foss 1st, John Foss Jr., John Odiorne, Anthony Brackett, Francis Ran, Thomas Ran, WIlliam Wallis, James Randall, William Seavie, James Berry (his son), Samuel Ran, John Seavie, Anthony Libbie, and Jos. 
William Berry married Jane Locke Hermins in 1636 in the town of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. He signed the Glebe Conveyance in 1640. {S7}. In 1640, only seventeen years after the first settling of Portsmouth, Francis Williams, (the governor,) Ambrose Gibbins, William Jones, Renald Fernald, John Crowther, Anthony Bracket, Michael Chatterton, Jno. Wall, Robert Puddington, Matthew Coe, Henry Sherburn, John Lander, Henry Taler, Jno. Jones, William Berry, Jno. Pickering, Jno. Billing, Jno. Wolten, Nicholas Row and William Palmer, the principal inhabitants of Portsmouth, made a deed of fifty acres of land in Portstmouth for a Glebe, or Parsonage.
He became a freeman on 18 May 1642 in Newbury, Massachusetts and is on the list of the first settlers of Newbury.
 He received a lot "upon the neck of land on the south side of the Little River at Sandy Beach on January 31, 1648 that included the area where 'Locke's Neck' is located.

Berry served as a Selectman of Strawberry Bank (which is now Portsmouth, New Hampshire) in 1646. 
·                  Savage, James A., A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, 1860-   1862., (Boston 1860-1862; rpt Baltimore 1955), [Savage], 1:171
·                  The Berrys by the beach : one of New Hampshire's first families / by Sylvia Fitts Getchell.
·                  New England Marriages Prior to 1700,Charles Torrey,New England Historic and Genealogy          Society, Boston
·                  Parsons, Langdon B., History of the Town of Rye, NH From Its Discovery and Settlement to December 31, 1903, (1905; repr. Bowie, MD: Heritage Press 1992), [RyeHist], 269.
·                  Brewster, Charles W., The Selling of the Land, ~186

Freeman in Colonial Times
Black's Law Dictionary (9th edition) defines Freeman as 1. A person who possesses and enjoys all the civil and political rights belonging to the people under a free government. 2. A person who is not a slave. 3. Hist. A member of a municipal corporation (a city or a borough) who possesses full civic rights, esp. the right to vote. 4. Hist. A freeholder. Cf. VILLEIN. 5. Hist. An allodial landowner. Cf. VASSAL. - also written free man.[2]
"Freedom" was earned after an allotted time, or until the person demanding "payment" was satisfied – this was known as indentured servitude, and was not originally intended as a stigma or embarrassment for the person involved since many of the sons and daughters of the wealthy and famous of the time found themselves forced into such temporary servitude.
An indentured servant would sign a contract agreeing to serve for a specific number of years, typically five or seven. Many immigrants to the colonies came as indentured servants, with someone else paying their passage to the Colonies in return for a promise of service. At the end of his service, according to the contract, the indentured servant (male or female) usually would be granted a sum of money, a new suit of clothes, land, or perhaps passage back to England. An indentured servant was not the same as an apprentice or a child who was "placed out."

Once a man was made a freeman, and was no longer considered a common, he could, and usually would, become a member of the church, and he could own land. The amount of land he was able to own was sometimes determined by how many members there were in his family. As a freeman, he became a member of the governing body, which met in annual or semiannual meetings (town meetings) to make and enforce laws and pass judgment in civil and criminal matters. As the colonies grew these meetings became impractical and a representative bicameral system was developed. Freeman would choose deputy governors who made up the upper house of the General Court and assistant governors, the lower house, who chose the governor from among their ranks, and who passed judgments in civil and criminal matters. To hold one of these offices it was required, of course, for one to be a freeman. Thus, the enfranchised voters and office holders were landholding male church members. Women, Native Americans and other non-Puritans were not made freeman.
Initially, any male first entering into a colony, or just recently having become a member of one of the local churches, was formally not free. They were considered common. Such persons were never forced to work for another individual, per se, but their movements were carefully observed, and if they veered from the Puritanical ideal, they were asked to leave the colony. If they stayed or later returned to the colony, they were occasionally put to death.
There was an unstated probationary period that the prospective "freeman" needed to go through, and if he did pass this probationary period of time – usually one to two years – he was allowed his freedom.
A Freeman was said to be free of all debt, owing nothing to anyone except God Himself.

William Berry (1610 - 1654)
is our 9th great grandfather
Henry Berry (1635 - 1672)
son of William Berry
Henry Berry (1660 - 1692)
son of Henry Berry
Rosanna Berry * (1682 - 1752)
daughter of Henry Berry
Elizabeth Ashby * (1720 - 1758)
daughter of Rosanna Berry *
Benjamin Hardin * (1753 - 1834)
son of Elizabeth Ashby *
Daniel Hardin * (1790 - 1850)
son of Benjamin Hardin *
Martin V Hardin (1834 - 1881)
son of Daniel Hardin *
Nancy Wilson Hardin * (1858 - 1933)
daughter of Martin V Hardin
Walter Scott Bramblett * (1882 - 1978)
son of Nancy Wilson Hardin *
Margaret May Belle Bramblett * (1911 - 1988)
daughter of Walter Scott Bramblett *

Wednesday, March 5, 2014

Daniel Hardin (1790-1850)

Daniel Hardin (1790-1850)

When Daniel Hardin (our 3rd great grandfather) was born in 1790 in Kentucky, his father, Benjamin was 37 and his mother, Nancy, was 24.  He married Rebecca Kelly on June 9, 1812, in Henry County, Kentucky.  They had four children in 25 years.  At the age of 23 he joined the Kentucky Militia Volunteers in the War of 1812 and fought in the Battle of the Thames.  He died after 1850 in Owen County, Kentucky, at the age of 60.

Frontier life in early Kentucky

The Hardin Family came to Kentucky in the early 1750’s from Virginia. Daniel Hardin’s grandfather, named Mark, settled in Kettle Run, Kentucky. Other Hardins settled in the vicinity of Henry and Owen Counties. The Hardin family was of French Huguenot and Scottish decent.  Settlers of English, Scottish, Scotch-Irish, Irish, Welsh, and German descent were the primary ethnic groups migrating to Kentucky. There were also French settlers in lesser numbers. Daniel’s ancestor Jean Hardewyn (1625-1721) immigrated to America in the mid-17th century, settling in New York. Jean’s grandson Marcus Hardin (1681-1735) moved from New York to Virginia. His great grandson was Daniel (1790-1850).
The Hardins were no strangers to the frontier. Whether it was New York in 1650, Virginia in 1740, they had often been part of that leading edge of settlement ever pushing westward. But the Kentucky to which the Hardins moved was still in the midst of a war between pioneers and Native Americans.
The loss of a family member to Indian attack, accident, or illness was not unusual in pioneer Kentucky. Thousands of settlers died from these causes. The threat of Indian raids into Kentucky continued until the American victory at Fallen Timbers in 1794. Outbreaks of illness could decimate entire families and settlements. But births and the migration rate into Kentucky far out-paced the mortality rate.
The dawning of the 19th century saw a population of almost 224,000 in Kentucky. The state’s population had more than tripled since the 1790 census. And, ten years later, the 1810 census recorded Kentucky’s official population at 406,511. Settlers were moving into and also moving out of Kentucky at ever increasing rates. As Indian lands opened up to settlement to the north in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois; to the south in Tennessee, Louisiana, Alabama, and Mississippi; and to the west in Missouri and Arkansas, people living in Kentucky often moved on in search of a better life. They might have been born and raised in Kentucky or have lived there for years. Others were simply passing through, maybe only staying a year or two before moving on. The Ohio River and the Cumberland Gap served as the major transportation routes into Kentucky. A variety of roads and rivers facilitated travel through the state.
There were two major routes into pioneer Kentucky – the Cumberland Gap and the Ohio River. Countless settlers walked and rode horse and wagon into Kentucky through the Gap. Flatboats, also called Kentucky boats for their destination, were a major means of moving family and possessions – including livestock – downriver to the settlers’ new western home.

Battle of the Thames

The Battle of the Thames was a pivotal American victory during the War of 1812. On October 5, 1813, General William Henry Harrison, who also was the governor of the Indiana Territory and a future president of the United States of America, led an army of 3,500 American troops against a combined force of eight hundred British soldiers and five hundred Native American warriors at Moraviantown, along the Thames River in Ontario, Canada. The British troops were under the command of Colonel Henry Procter. Tecumseh, a Shawnee Native American chief, commanded many of the Native American warriors. The British army was retreating from Fort Malden, Ontario after Oliver Hazard Perry's victory in the Battle of Lake Erie in September 1813. Tecumseh convinced Colonel Procter to make a stand at Moraviantown.
The American army won a total victory. As soon as the American troops advanced, the British soldiers fled or surrendered. The Native Americans fought fiercely, but lost heart and scattered after Tecumseh died on the battlefield. The identity of the person who killed Tecumseh is still vigorously debated.

The Battle of the Thames was an important land battle of the War of 1812 in the American Northwest. Since the early 1800s, Tecumseh had sought to form a confederacy of Native American tribes to stop white Americans from seizing Native American land. Tecumseh's death and General Harrison's victory marked the end of Tecumseh's Confederacy, as the natives now lacked a strong, unifying leader. Over the next three decades, Native Americans in the old Northwest signed treaties, forsaking claims to the land in this region.

Daniel Hardin * (1790 - 1850)
is our 3rd great grandfather
Martin V Hardin (1834 - 1881)
son of Daniel Hardin *
Nancy Wilson Hardin * (1858 - 1933)
daughter of Martin V Hardin
Walter Scott Bramblett * (1882 - 1978)
son of Nancy Wilson Hardin *
Margaret May Belle Bramblett * (1911 - 1988)
daughter of Walter Scott Bramblett *

Monday, January 27, 2014

William Estes (1790-1855)

Kentucky Hero from the War of 1812

Kentucky Volunteers

William 'War of 1812' ESTES was born on January 19, 1790, in Spotsylvania, Virginia. He fought in the War of 1812 at the Battle of the Raisin. He married Mary Polly Hockensmith in 1809. They had nine children in 27 years. He died on March 2, 1855, in Scott, Kentucky, at the age of 65, and was buried in Daviess, Kentucky.

William 'War of 1812' Estes (1790 - 1855)
is our 2nd great grand uncle 
brother of Catherine Estes Bramblett
Fielding Estes * (1766 - 1826) (3rd great Grandfather)
father of William 'War of 1812' ESTES
daughter of Fielding Estes *
Fielding Bramblett * (1814 - 1897) (second great grandfather)
son of Catherine Katherine Kitty Estes *
George Edward Bramblett * (1851 - 1922) (first great grandfather)
son of Fielding Bramblett *
son of George Edward Bramblett *
daughter of Walter Scott Bramblett *

Tuesday, January 14, 2014

Margaret Sarah Hall (1836-1858)

Margaret Sarah Hall, our second great grandmother, was born in 1836 in Woodford, Henry County, Kentucky, USA, the second child of Albert H Hall and Nancy Wilson Hall. They were rural farmers. When she was nineteen, she married Martin V. Hardin (age twenty-one) on October 25, 1855 in Henry County, Kentucky, USA.  They were blessed with a son William and a daughter Nancy.  Margaret died at the young age of twenty-two on May 20, 1858 from Typhoid Fever. 

Typhoid Fever is a common worldwide bacterial disease transmitted by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with the feces from an infected person. The disease has received various names, such as gastric fever, abdominal typhus, infantile remittent fever, slow fever, nervous fever and phytogenic fever.
The nineteenth century was plagued by bacterial diseases such as Typhoid and Cholera.  Lack of modern sanitation played a big part in Typhoid epidemics. 

Untreated typhoid fever is divided into four individual stages, each lasting approximately one week. Over the course of these stages, the patient becomes exhausted and emaciated.

In the first week, the temperature rises slowly, and fever fluctuations are seen with relative bradycardia, malaise, headache, and cough. A bloody nose is seen in a quarter of cases, and abdominal pain is also possible.
In the second week of the infection, the patient lies prostrate with high fever in plateau around 40 °C (104 °F) and bradycardia, classically with a  pulse wave. Delirium is frequent, often calm, but sometimes agitated. This delirium gives to typhoid the nickname of "nervous fever". Rose spots appear on the lower chest and abdomen in around a third of patients.

The abdomen is distended and painful in the right lower quadrant. Diarrhea can occur in stage two, however, constipation is also frequent. The spleen and liver are enlarged and tender. The major symptom of this fever is that the fever usually rises in the afternoon up to the first and second week.

In the third week of typhoid fever, a number of complications can occur: Intestinal hemorrhage and Intestinal perforation (which can be fatal), delirium, and metastatic abscesses. The fever is still very high and oscillates very little over 24 hours. Dehydration ensues, and the patient is delirious. One third of affected individuals develop a macular rash on the trunk.

The platelet count goes down slowly and finally when it becomes 0 bleeding starts.

This continues into the fourth week. During the American Civil War, 81,360 Union soldiers died of typhoid or dysentery.

Sanitation and hygiene are the critical measures that can be taken to prevent typhoid. Typhoid does not affect animals, and therefore, transmission is only from human to human. Typhoid can only spread in environments where human feces or urine are able to come into contact with food or drinking water. Careful food preparation and washing of hands are crucial to prevent typhoid.

 Excerpts from

Margaret Sarah Hall * (1836 - 1858)
is our 2nd great grandmother
daughter of Margaret Sarah Hall *
son of Nancy Wilson Hardin *
daughter of Walter Scott Bramblett *