Monday, March 18, 2013

James McKnight Bates (1839-1914)
James McKnight Bates
Missouri  8th then 9th Regiment Infantry Confederate
The Missouri 9th (Clark's) Infantry Regiment [also called 2nd Regiment] was organized in November, 1862, by consolidating the 8th Infantry Battalion and the Missouri companies of Clarkson's Missouri Cavalry Battalion. The two Arkansas companies of this regiment seceded and merged into Buster's Arkansas Cavalry Battalion. It fought at Prairie Grove, lost 4 killed and 108 wounded at Pleasant Hill, and sustained 52 casualties at Jenkins' Ferry. The regiment disbanded in the spring of 1865.
Prairie Grove
Pleasant Hill
Jenkins Ferry
 A border state with both southern and northern influences, Missouri attempted to remain neutral when the war began. However, this was unacceptable to the Federal government, and Union military forces moved against the capital to arrest the legislature and the governor. Governor Claiborne Jackson called out the Missouri State Guard to resist. Union forces under Gen. Nathaniel Lyon seized the state capital, and a minority of pro-Union members of the legislature declared the governor removed from office. They appointed a pro-Union governor, and the Federal government recognized him even though he had not been elected. This resulted in a civil war within the state, as Missourians divided and joined both the Union and Confederate armies. Missouri sent representatives to the United States Congress and the Confederate States Congress, and was represented by a star on both flags.
I don't have any more information on James McKnight Bates except a note that his daughter married the son of John Martin Holland.  This marriage ended in divorce.
James McKnight Bates * (1839 - 1914)
is our 2nd great grandfather
daughter of James McKnight Bates *
daughter of Sarah Jane Bates *
daughter of Ollie Florence Holland *

John Martin Holland (1835-1926)
John Martin Holland
The 9th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
November 20, 1861 to December 15, 1864
Battle of Shiloh
Seige of Corinth
Battle of Perryville
Battle of Stones River
Tullahoma Campaign
Battle of Chickamauga
Chattanooga Campaign
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Atlanta Campaign
Battle Resaca
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
Battle of Peachtree Creek
Seige of Atlanta
Battle of Jonesboro
Battle of Lovejoy's Station
The regiment lost a total of 357 men during service; 8 officers and 96 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 250 enlisted men died of disease.
There was much bitterness among the people of Tennessee as the Civil War came, and the Confederacy first began to call for volunteers and then to conscript, or draft, their young men. Many Macon Countians took their young sons just acrosss the Kentucky line to enlist in the Union Army because they were disturbed over leaving the Union.
Wiley and Scott Holland enlisted in the Union Army. Wiley became a first lieutenant in the Kentucky 5th Cavalry, and his younger brother, John, joined the infantry and later rode with bushwhackers.  The Hollands, having survived Shiloh, were to prepare for two more major conflicts.  On September 19 and 20, 1863, Union and Confederate forces clashed near Chickamauga Creek, in what proved to be another of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War. The victorious Confederates drove their adversaries back into Chatanooga and seized the city.  In November of 1863, Union forces reclaimed Lookout Mountain from the Confederates in what became known as the Battle Above the Clouds. The battle of Chatanooga ensued. This important Federal victory opened the door to the deep south and set the stage for General William Tecumseh Sherman's march from Atlanta, Georgia, to the sea. The North lost 5,915 men; the South lost 667. Again, both Hollands survived.  The brothers were fighting under the command of General Sherman who marched an army across Georgia to the sea then after Savannah fell, he moved north through the Carolinas. The general commanded a brigade at the first Battle of Bull Run, and was in command and fought with Grant at Shiloh. His army took part in the capture of Vicksburg in 1863. He later helped relieve the Union Army at Chattanooga.  It was March 3, 1865, in the Carolinas at a place known as Monroe's Crossroads where Lt. Wiley Holland was wounded, ending his army career. He was part of a cavalry division led by General Kilpatrick, which was a unit of Sherman's Army. An affidavit from the war department archives describes how he was wounded while leading a charge againse the Confederate cavalry, led by General Wade Hampton.  Lt. Holland, with the Kentucky 5th Cavalry, had marched until nine o'clock the previous night. The unit stopped and set up camp at Monroe's Crossroads. The Southern cavalry, not wanting to fight a defensive battle and in an attempt to protect the city of Raleigh, North Carolina, decided the best defense was a good offense. They came out to meet the northern invaders of their homeland.  Lt. Holland, having gotten his unit mounted, although clad in their underclothes, was leading a cavalry charge to drive the Rebels from their camp when he was knocked from his horse. He had taken a rifle ball in his left knee. 
 All Holland brothers survived the war and returned home to their young families in Macon County, Tennessee. They found a great division among their former friends and neighbors as to their different views, actions and parts played in the war. Families split, and neighbors quarreled and sometimes fought. 
 Harold G. Blankenship, a Macon County historian and distant cousin to the Hollands, writes: "After the War, neighbors split politically and even some religiously, over their feelings about the war--Confederate sympathizers, following the Democratic party, while most Union people became Republicans. Macon County, even today, is split politically anong those lines. The Hollands became Republicans. John Holland's son, Jim, later served Ripley County, Missouri for 28 years as a Republican county judge." 
 The Holland family, longing for a more peaceable place to live and raise their families where they could forget the slaughter and ravages of war, moved to Ripley County, Missouri. Minerva and William, their sons, Wiley, John, and a younger brother, Scott, and their daughter, Minerva, who was married to Beverly Donaho, settled 15 miles southwest of Doniphan in the community of Tucker.  The journey to Missouri was recalled to family members by Mark and Clark Holland, twin sons of Lt. Holland, many years later. They were boarding a train for Missouri on April 14, 1865, at Red Boiling Springs, Tennessee, when word came down the line that President Abraham Lincoln had been assassinated.
The legacy of bitterness left by the war in Ripley County was no different from that left behind them in Macon County. Horror stories emerged from such acts of violence as the slaughtering of women and children by Union troops at the Christmas Day Massacre at Pulliam Spring, a spring from which the Holland family was to get their drinking water for the next 60 years. This incident, and that of the burning of the town of Doniphan, were two of the worst examples of death and destruction thrust upon the civilian population of Ripley County by the military. The post-war era in Ripley County was a very painful period of adjustment for those woefully wronged during the war.
John Martin Holland returned from the Civil War a crippled man suffering from chronic rheumatic joint disease and blindness. He went in as a corporal and was promoted to sargent.
John Martin Holland * (1835 - 1926)
is our 2nd great grandfather
son of John Martin Holland *
daughter of Martin Crenshaw Holland *
daughter of Ollie Florence Holland *

Thursday, March 14, 2013

Glencole Scotland Massacre 12 February 1692

Oh cruel is the snow that sweeps Glencoe
And covers the grave o' Donald
And cruel was the foe that raped Glencoe
And murdered the house o' MacDonald
They came in the night when the men were asleep
That band of Argyles, through snow soft and deep.
Like murdering foxes, among helpless sheep
They slaughtered the house o' MacDonald
  1. They came through the blizzard, we offered them heat
    A roof ower their heads, dry shoes for their feet.
    We wined them and dined them, they ate of our meat
    And slept m the house O' MacDonald
  2. They came from Fort William with murder mind
    The Campbell's had orders, King William had signed
    Put all to the sword, these words underlined
    And leave none alive called MacDonald
  3. Some died in their beds at the hands of the foe
    Some fled in the night, and were lost in the snow.
    Some lived to accuse hlm, that struck the first blow
    But gone was the house of MacDonald
Words and music Jim Mclean, Publisher Duart Music 1963
 © Scotland Talking 1992    
"You are hereby ordered to fall upon the rebels, the MacDonalds of Glencoe, and put all to the sword under seventy.   You are to have a special care that the old fox and his sons do upon no account escape your hands.  You are to secure all the avenues that no man escape."
There is no valley in Scotland which nature has endowed with more majesty, more savage beauty than Glencoe.  The mountains rise in stupendous masses all around forming an amphitheatre, vast in extent and preserving a stillness and an awesome solemnity.
But that stillness, that solemnity which impresses itself upon every traveller can never, with any certainty, be attributed solely to the desolate appearance of the glen.  It's not hard to imagine that it emanates, rather, from something much more intangible. Three hundred years ago, in the early hours of a cold February morning, the snow covered valley of Glencoe was stained with the blood of the unsuspecting MacDonalds,  executed by order of the Sovereign.
At the end of August 1691, King William III had published a proclamation, offering an amnesty to the highlanders who had fought for James VII (&II of England),  conditional upon their swearing an oath of allegiance before the 1st of January, and on penalty of military execution after that date.
The taking of such an oath must have seemed, to someone not particularly troubled by a sense of honour, a simple task to which there could be no impediment other than obstinacy but, to the Highlanders, there was more than just the distasteful matter of their submission to the Crown.  The Jacobite clans had already sworn an oath of allegiance to King James, now in exile in France.  A further oath to King William could clearly have no meaning unless James could be persuaded to release them from the first.
Ambassadors were sent to await the exiled King's decision, a decision which was not forthcoming until the 12th of December, 19 days before the amnesty was due to expire.  It would take nine of these for the ambassador to journey back to Edinburgh and then several days more before messengers could reach the first of the chieftains.  It was no earlier than the 29th of December when Alexander MacDonald, traditionally known as MacIain, clan chief of the MacDonalds of Glencoe received word that King James had considered the safety of the clans and that they were all discharged of their allegiance to him.  In common with other chiefs who had supported the Jacobite cause, MacDonald, perhaps with as much relief as reluctance, resolved to accept the amnesty and swear his allegiance to King William.
Throughout his life, this Godfather-like figure had earned and been accorded the utmost respect from his people.  To be forced to swear allegiance to King William was a wound to his pride and much has been made of the fact that MacDonald left the taking of the oath until the last possible minute but the facts tell a different story.
On the morning of the 30th of December he set off for the newly built Fort William at Inverlochy, arriving in the small hours of the 31st, the last day allowed by the proclamation.  He presented himself to Colonel John Hill, the Governor of Fort William, and asked him to administer the oath of allegiance.  The ruling, however, was quite clear... only the civil magistrate of the district could administer the oath.  In spite of MacDonald's protest that no magistrate could have been reached before the day was out, Hill had no choice but to advise MacDonald to undertake, instantly, the 74 mile journey to Inverary.  He gave him a letter to present to Sir Colin Campbell, the sheriff of Argyllshire requesting Sir Colin to administer the oath and suggesting that "a lost sheep" might be welcome at any time.
The chieftain left Fort William immediately.  His journey took him through mountains almost impassable at that time of year, the country being covered with a deep snow yet, in his anxiety to reach Inverary, he made as much speed as possible, not even stopping to tell his family what was happening, though he passed within half a mile of his own house.
About half-way to his destination, passing through Barcaldine Estate, he was seized by a group of Grenadiers under the command of Captain Thomas Drummond of Argyll's regiment.  He had, of course, in his possession, the letter from Colonel Hill proving the urgency of his business.  This was enough to persuade Drummond to lock him up for 24 hours, thereby ensuring that he could not possibly complete the journey in time.
He eventually arrived at Inverary on the 2nd, only to be told that Sir Colin Campbell had not yet returned from the New Year's festivities.  He had to wait a further 3 days to meet the sheriff and then, as the time allowed under the proclamation had clearly expired, Sir Colin, at first, refused to administer the oath.  In the end, however, persuaded of the gravity of MacDonald's situation, the sheriff relented and, on the 6th of January 1692, the oath of allegiance was administered to MacIain - Alexander MacDonald, Clan Chief, of the MacDonalds of Glencoe.  MacDonald then returned home, confident that, having done his utmost to comply with the injunction, he and his people were free from danger.
For all the bad blood which existed between the Campbell and the MacDonald clans, Sir Colin Campbell appears to have been anxious to see that no action be taken against Glencoe for the transgression which seemed, after all, to amount to no more than a technicality.
In his reply to Colonel Hill's letter, he writes:
"I endeavoured to receive the great lost sheep, Glencoe, and he has undertaken to bring in all his friends and followers as the Privy Council shall order.  I am sending to Edinburgh that Glencoe, though he was mistaken in coming to you to take the oath of allegiance, might yet be welcome.  Take care that he and his followers do not suffer till the King and Council's pleasure be known."
He then sent, to his sheriff-clerk in Edinburgh, another Colin Campbell, the letter which he had received from Colonel Hill, together with a certificate testifying that MacDonald, amongst others, had taken the oath.  He asked the sheriff-clerk to lay the documents before the Privy Council and to report back with the Council's decision regarding MacDonald's oath.  Sheriff-clerk Campbell, however, like many of his profession, had an abhorrence of all things irregular, and like many of his name, an equal abhorrence of all things MacDonald.
Some furtive discussions now took place, involving other lawyers, clerks to the Council and certain Privy Councillors, in an unofficial capacity.  As a result of these discussions, it fell upon Campbell to eliminate a possibility which had occurred to them all... that the Privy Council might just let MacDonald off the hook.  If the question of Glencoe's tardy oath, with all its legal implications and political ramifications had taken up much of their time, the solution, once decided, was quick... The sheriff-clerk simply scored MacDonald's name off the certificate.
The rich and colourful yet frequently violent history of the Highlands of Scotland owes much to both the Campbells and the MacDonalds, and the number of enemies that the Glencoe Clan had made was, to them, a matter of pride rather than regret but that this official should take so much upon himself is hardly explained by his traditional enmity towards the MacDonalds.  He defaced the certificate in the sure and certain knowledge that he was pleasing his superiors and in particular, the subtle and ruthless personage of the Scottish Secretary, Sir John Dalrymple, Master of Stair.
Dalrymple's contempt for the highlanders, and the MacDonalds in particular, is a matter of record.  The hatred which all but consumed this powerful player in Scottish politics can be glimpsed in his letter of the 7th January to Sir Thomas Livingston, the Commander-in-Chief of the King's forces in Scotland,
"you know, in general, that these troops posted at Inverness and Inverlochie will be ordered to take in the house of Invergarry, and to destroy entirely the country of Lochaber, Lochiel's lands, Keppoch's, Glengarie's, Appin and Glencoe.  I assure you your power shall be full enough, and I hope the soldiers will not trouble the Government with prisoners."
There followed a brief period of confusion as to who had and had not taken the oath but on the 11th of January, Dalrymple despatched a set of instructions empowering Livingston to enforce the penalties of the proclamation upon all the so-called rebel clans, the document being signed both at the beginning and the end by the King.
"You are hereby ordered and authorised to march our troops which are now posted at Inverlochy and Inverness and to act against these Highland rebels who have not taken the benefit of our indemnity, by fire and sword and all manner of hostility; to burn their houses, seize or destroy their goods or cattle, plenishings or clothes, and to cut off the men."
The King's orders also allowed Livingston to show mercy and to take the chieftains as prisoners of war, provided they then take the oath but, as before, these orders were accompanied by Dalrymple's letter which reads,
"Only just now, my Lord Argyle tells me that MacDonald of Glencoe has not taken the oath, at which I rejoice.  It is a great work of charity to be exact in rooting out that damnable sept, the worst of the Highlands."
Now, with the official confirmation that MacDonald had not sworn, the extensive military exercise, previously planned, was no longer necessary.  A quick, brutal, punitive strike against Glencoe would suffice to bring the other rebel clans to heel and the bulk of King William's forces could be released for more important duties on the Continent.
Further orders bearing the date of the 16th of January, again signed and countersigned by the King were despatched by Dalrymple.  The fourth clause sealed the fate of Glencoe and his people.
"If MacIain of Glencoe, and that tribe, can be well separated from the rest, it will be a proper vindication of the public justice to extirpate that set of thieves."
Immediately on receipt of his instructions, Livingston wrote not to Colonel Hill but to his deputy, Lieutenant-Colonel Hamilton, who, unlike his superior, could be relied upon "not to reason why."  In this letter, he points out that this would be a good occasion for Hamilton to show that his garrison served for some use.  The instructions were clear:  he should begin with MacIain of Glencoe, spare nothing of what belongs to him... and then, a familiar phrase, "not to trouble the Government with prisoners."
In preparation to carrying out the massacre, two companies of Argyle's regiment, a total of about 120 men, under the command of Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, were ordered to proceed to Glencoe by the beginning of February, and under pretext, to remain there and await further orders. Glenlyon had a well-justified personal grudge against the  MacDonalds of Glencoe who, less than two years since, returning from battle, had left a wake of destruction as they passed through his estate.  It may be mere coincidence that Campbell of Glenlyon was chosen for this task but the fact that this enemy of the MacDonalds also had a niece who was married to MacDonald's younger son was certainly no disadvantage to Dalrymple's strategy.
It's also interesting that Campbell was in charge not only of his own company of infantrymen but also the battalion's finest and most trusted troops, the grenadiers.  Their own captain would be absent until the eve of the massacre and with very good reason:  he was the same Captain Thomas Drummond whom Glencoe had encountered on his way to take the oath of allegiance.
In order to persuade the MacDonalds that this military force presented no threat to them, an explanation was contrived to the effect that their sole purpose in being in Glencoe was to collect arrears of taxes in the surrounding area and that they sought convenient quarters to enable them to perform that duty.  They had, in their possession, proof of this bogus assignment:  papers, signed by a now deeply troubled Colonel Hill, the Governor of Fort William.  They also gave their word that they came as friends and that no harm would be done to the person or properties of the chief and his tenants.  They and their men were made welcome by the MacDonald families and given free lodgings in the villages throughout the glen.  For twelve days, they were entertained by Glencoe, his family and his people.  Indeed, almost every day, Glenlyon visited his niece, Sarah, and young Sandy MacDonald, enjoying, in the traditions of Highland hospitality, a regular drink in their company.
It is remarkable that this Government who sought to bind the Highland clans by their honour in an oath of allegiance, should choose to resolve their own difficulties by unprecedented dishonour and treachery but Dalrymple's plot amounted to no more, and no less.
The true circumstances of MacDonald's transgression had soon been swept under the carpet and a general enthusiasm to make an example of the MacDonalds had gathered an unseemly momentum.  Dalrymple maintained his pressure on the military, inciting them to the carnage.  On the 30th of January, in a letter to Sir Thomas Livingston,  he wrote,
"I am glad Glencoe did not come within the time prescribed.  I hope what's done there may be done in earnest, since
the rest of them are in no condition to draw together to help.  I think to plunder their cattle and burn their houses would only make them desperate men, who would live outside the law and rob their neighbours but I know you will agree that it will be a great advantage to the nation, when that thieving tribe is rooted out and cut off."
On the same day, in a letter to Colonel Hill, he says, "when it comes the time to deal with Glencoe, let it be secret and sudden.  It is better not to meddle with them at all, if it cannot be done to purpose, and better to cut off that nest of robbers who have fallen foul of the law, now, when we have both the power and the opportunity.  When the full force of the King's Justice is seen to come down upon them, that example will be as conspicuous and useful as is his clemency to others. "I understand the weather is so bad that you will be unable to move for some time but I know you will be in action as soon as possible, for these false people will not hesitate to attack you if they come to suspect you might be a threat to them."
Finally, on the 12th of February, at Dalrymple's absolute insistence, Colonel Hill, gave the order to Lieutenant-Colonel Hamilton, to execute the instructions already in his possession.
A simultaneous assault on key locations in Glencoe was determined for 7 a.m. the following morning.  To one location, Hamilton was to take a party of Hill's regiment.  Several posts were assigned to a detachment of Argyll's regiment under the command of Major Robert Duncanson, now encamped in readiness only a few miles from Glencoe on the other side of Loch Leven, and at his quarters in the very midst of the MacDonalds, Captain Campbell of Glenlyon was finally instructed as to the true object of his mission. The orders came from Duncanson and, in the first three sentences, the full horror of Glenlyon's task was made brutally clear.
"You are hereby ordered to fall upon the rebels, the MacDonalds of Glencoe, and put all to the sword under seventy.   You are to have a special care that the old fox and his sons do upon no account escape your hands.  You are to secure all the avenues that no man escape."
[And then, in the next line, .... a deliberate error...]
"This you are to put in execution at five of the clock precisely; and by that time, or very shortly after it, I'll strive to be at you with a stronger party.  If I do not come to you at five, you are not to tarry for me but to fall on.
[By a simple matter of bringing the time of the assault forward by two hours, Duncanson effectively puts half a mile of Loch Leven water between himself and the massacre.  He concludes with all the authority and threat that might be expected of him.]
 "This is by the King's special command, for the good and safety of the country that these miscreants be cut off root and branch.  See that this be put in execution without feud or favour, else you may expect to be dealt with as one not true to King nor Government, nor a man fit to carry Commission in the King's service. Expecting you will not fail in the fulfilling hereof, as you love yourself. I subscribe these with my hand at Ballachulish, February 12th, 1692.
Robert Duncanson."
As Campbell of Glenlyon considered his orders, two officers under Hamilton's command to the north were being held under close arrest for putting conscience before duty and refusing to march on Glencoe.
It is to the eternal shame of Glenlyon and, to an extent, every man who bears the name Campbell, that, after almost a fortnight of living  under the same roof as the MacDonalds, and of sharing their table, while the drink, the wit and the conversation flowed ever more freely, he did not follow the same course as these two officers who broke their swords and "damn the consequences."
That evening, Campbell of Glenlyon carried out the final spurious gesture of friendship by playing cards with John and Alexander MacDonald, the sons of the chieftain.  He had also accepted an invitation from MacIain himself to dine with him the following day.
In the early hours of Saturday the 13th of February, while the rest of the valley slept, Campbell's men were making ready for the assault.  Stealth was central to the success of whole operation yet it was soldiers calling to him from outside his window which woke John MacDonald, the elder son of the chief.
Before he could make any sense of the incident, they were gone, the shouts now muffled and fading in the heavy snow.  It was impossible to tell.... had it been a prank or had the soldiers been trying to warn him of something?  Whatever their intent, there was military activity afoot and, at such an hour, it at least warranted investigation.  He got dressed and made his way to Glenlyon's quarters at the village of Inveriggan but he was unprepared for the scene which confronted him on his arrival.  The whole detachment was present and preparations for an imminent action were well under way.
If MacDonald's alarm caused him to hold back for a moment, the appearance of the senior officer, the now familiar figure of Campbell of Glenlyon, who, only hours ago, had been his adversary over the card table,  must have restored his confidence.  He asked, outright, for an explanation. Glenlyon confided that the troops had orders to march against some of Glengarry's men and assured him that there was no hostile intention towards the MacDonalds.  Indeed, it was foolish to think otherwise for if, God forbid,  he was contemplating any action against Glencoe, would he not have told Sandy and his own niece?
The explanation could not have been more simple, nor the argument more plausible.  It may have left MacDonald perplexed, his instinct telling him one thing, his reason insisting upon another, but he returned to his home and his bed.
He was prevented from sleeping by his old servant who was finding the story hard to accept.  Something, he felt, just didn't ring true.  ...and where was MacDonald of Inveriggan?  Why was he not up and about?  Was it not strange that with all this going on over there that not one of the MacDonalds had stirred?  It was indeed strange but John MacDonald was satisfied that Glenlyon had spoken the truth...  then again, if the old man insisted upon keeping vigil, he saw no reason to stop him.
Within minutes, the servant was back in the room.  There were troops approaching the house.  Even before the man had finished speaking, MacDonald was out of bed and at the door, shouting back instructions to waken his brother, Sandy.  The troops weren't far off.  He made their number to be about twenty.  They carried muskets with fixed bayonets.
Moments later, the soldiers had the house surrounded.  The door was thrown open and they burst in.  They searched every room, though it had been obvious from the start - the family had gone and, their tracks being covered by the blizzard, pursuit would be futile.  This, however, was possibly the last time that the bitter wind and driving snow would be a friend to the MacDonalds of Glencoe. The massacre commenced at five o' clock in three villages at once.  At his quarters at Inveriggan, Campbell of Glenlyon ordered that nine men who had been bound and gagged for the past few hours be dealt with.  They were taken outside and shot, one by one.  MacDonald of Inveriggan, Glenlyon's own host for the past fortnight, was one of these.  This man had in his possession a letter of protection signed by Colonel Hill.
High in the hill above the village of Auchnaion, the shots were heard by John and Sandy MacDonald, their families and their servants, but the real extent of the butchery at Inveriggan could not be imagined.  Captain Thomas Drummond was there and making his presence felt.  Glenlyon had been reluctant to take the life of a young man of about twenty years of age, but he was challenged by Drummond who was not a man to allow compassion, to interfere with his duty.  Why, in view of the orders, was this man still alive?  Before Glenlyon could venture an answer, the young man was shot dead.   Drummond also ran his dagger through the body of a 12 year old boy who had grasped Campbell by the legs, offering to go anywhere with him if he would spare his life.
The cruelty at Inveriggan included the slaughter of a woman and her five year old son, but instances of an equal barbarity were to be found elsewhere that morning.  At Carnoch, the pretence of friendship was carried as far as the chieftain's door when Glenlyon's junior officer, Lieutenant Lindsay, arrived with a party of soldiers.   After making their apologies to the servant for calling so early, MacIain's murderers were actually invited into the house.
Glencoe was shot twice as he was getting out of  bed and fell lifeless in front of his wife.  One ball entered the back of his head, the other penetrated his body.  His wife was stripped naked and thrown out of the house.  One of the soldiers is said to have pulled the rings from her fingers with his teeth and then she was left to lie in the snow.  She died the following day.
At the laird's house in the village of Auchnaion, a group of nine men were gathered round the fire.  They had been wakened in the early hours when the soldiers who were staying with them were first drawn out of the houses.  A detail under the command of Sergeant Barber who had been quartered in that very house put an end to their discussion.  Five of the men were killed instantly and another three were wounded.  MacDonald of Auchintriaten, who died there in his brother's house,  had, in his pocket, a letter of protection signed by Colonel Hill.  Three men escaped by the back of the house but Auchintriaten's brother remained, motionless, on the floor.  Barber was about to finish him off when the MacDonald asked if he was to be killed under the roof that they had shared for the past fortnight.  The sergeant conceded the point.  Since he'd been eating MacDonald's meat, he would do him the favour of killing him outside.  Two soldiers escorted him out but, once through the door, MacDonald threw his plaid over their faces and he, too, escaped and lived to recount the story. Some told of soldiers who deliberately allowed men to slip away or who fired over the heads of the men they had been ordered to pursue but the few pathetic accounts of an escape from the slaughter are eclipsed by the catalogue of utter misery and agony inflicted in the name of righteousness and justice.
Throughout the glen, men were dragged from their beds and murdered.  The soldiers torched the houses as they went, and a scene of the most heart rending description ensued.  Ejected from their burning homes, women of all ages, some almost in a state of nudity, the old and the frail, mothers carrying infants and some with helpless children clinging to them, were to be seen all wending their way into the mountains in a piercing snow storm.  One by one, they were overcome by fatigue and exposure and, before any shelter could be reached, many of them perished miserably in the snow.
Three weeks later, on the 5th of March, the architect of this so-called "great work of charity", the Scottish Secretary, Sir John Dalrymple, confessed that all he regretted was that any of the MacDonalds got away.
Fortunately for society, most of Dalrymple's peers were not his equal.  In every quarter, even at court, the account of the massacre was received with horror and indignation.  It is said that the anger of the nation rose to such a pitch that had the exiled monarch appeared at the head of a few thousand men, he would probably have succeeded in regaining his crown.
The ministry and even King William grew alarmed and, to pacify the people, he dismissed Dalrymple from his councils and appointed a commission of enquiry to investigate the affair.  In his defence, the King explained that he had signed the execution order among a mass of other papers, without knowing its contents.  The commissioners, however, seem to have taken the view that, since the orders were both signed and countersigned by His Majesty, the public would not readily accept that as credible.  The explanation which they put forward was even less credible, but deliberately so.  In barefaced defiance of the intellect of every reasonable person, they claimed that there was nothing in the King's instructions to warrant the slaughter.  The effect was that public outrage was replaced by utter bewilderment.  At some point, the fiction was then ventured that the massacre was merely the result of a long standing feud between the Campbell and the MacDonald clans. This finally deflected the attention away from the dishonour and the barbarity of the military exercise as a subject of public concern and all was well, once again.  The whole affair would soon be forgotten by all but the Jacobites.  Although the commission blamed Dalrymple for the atrocity, neither he nor any of the other participants were ever brought to trial, for the obvious reason that they would have cited, in their defence, the King's orders to extirpate the clan.
The myth of the "Campbells & MacDonalds" falls far short of the truth but, like all mythology,  it is not without foundation.  During the previous year, the Government's hopes to secure a peace in the Highlands had centred on the diplomatic efforts of Sir John Campbell, the Earl of Breadalbane.  As early as June 1691, the MacDonalds might have agreed to end hostilities but Breadalbane undermined his own skills as a negotiator by introducing a personal grievance which really boiled down to a matter of some stolen cows, and the opportunity was lost.  Having failed to get satisfaction from Glencoe over the business of the cattle, his mind may have turned to revenge and there is evidence to support the belief that it was he who first suggested to Dalrymple that the MacDonalds of Glencoe be singled out as an example of the King's justice.  Three months after the massacre, Breadalbane, ever the negotiator, had no qualms about contacting Glencoe's sons and offering to use his influence to have reparations awarded to them if they would declare, publicly, that he had no part in it.
We tend to think on government propaganda as being a modern device but here is a story, more than three hundred years old, and, even now, the fiction of the Campbells and the MacDonalds is remembered; Glencoe, if the government's apologists were to be believed, was some sort of clan feud which descended into a dishonourable butchery. And they are widely believed! It's now become a sort of romantic curiosity for the tourist trade. I might as well declare an interest at this point. Being a Campbell, by name, and a Jacobite by nature, descended from a long line of recusants (interesting how many people don't even know what that means) and Jacobites, this story strikes a chord. Decent, ordinary people in 1692 would have found it a lot easier to believe the story of the Campbells and the MacDonalds than to come to terms with the fact that their King sanctioned and the Scottish Secretary planned one of the most dishonourable massacres in history. Nothing changes.
It is probable that the massacre of Glencoe was conceived in a Campbell mind, made possible through Campbell complicity, and achieved by a Campbell's dishonour, but behind it was a driving force and a guiding hand which belonged to the Scottish Secretary, Sir John Dalrymple, Master of Stair.  Ten years later, that same hand would be helping, in no small measure, to guide Scotland towards the Union of the Parliaments, but that's another story.
©Scotland Talking 1992
A copy of a Scottish Records Office publication, providing references to some of the sources of documentary evidence used in preparation of the foregoing account, has been uploaded in image form (i.e. I haven't yet had time to transcribe it).  The images have been compressed as much as possible (50kb & 120kb).  

  • An audio cassette of this story was produced in 1992 by "Scotland Talking" and the preceding account of the massacre is essentially a copy of the script for that production.
  • Narrated by actor James Bryce, one of Scotland's top story-tellers, the Massacre of Glencoe was researched and written by Jimmy Powdrell Campbell.

I found this on
Glencole Order
Our Family has three tree lines going through Alexander MacDonald who died in the Glencole Massacre in 1692.  They are as follows:
Alexander Mcdonald * (1612 - 1692)
is our 8th great grandfather
son of Alexander Mcdonald *
son of Bryan Mcdonald *
son of Bryan Mcdonald *Jr
son of James McDaniel or McDonald *
son of Magness McDonald *
daughter of John or Jack McDonald or McDaniel *
son of Nancy S McDonald *
daughter of Martin Crenshaw Holland *
daughter of Ollie Florence Holland *
Alexander McDonald ** (1612 - 1692)
is our 8th great grandfather
son of Alexander McDonald **
son of Bryan Mcdonald *
son of *John MacDonnell
daughter of John McDaniel *
son of Hannah McDaniel McDonald *
son of Uriah Springer *
daughter of Levi Springer *
daughter of Mary Mariah Springer *
son of Mary Lou Ella Stewart *
Alexander McDonald *** (1612 - 1692)

is our 8th great grandfather

son of Alexander McDonald ***

son of Bryan Mcdonald

son of John MacDonnell

daughter of John McDaniel *

son of Hannah McDaniel *

daughter of John Springer *

daughter of Nancy Springer *

daughter of Mary Mariah Springer *

son of Mary Lou Ella Stewart *

Tuesday, March 12, 2013

Col. Ninan Beall (1625-1717)

Ninian Beall, born in Largo, Fifeshire, Scotland, in 1625. His will is dated 15th Jan. 1717 and was probated 28th Feb. 1717. He held a commission as cornet in the Scotch-English Army and was raised to resist Cromwell. He fought in the battle of Dunbar, the 3rd day of  Sept. 1650, against Cromwell. He was made prisoner at that battle, and sentenced to five years' servitude. He was sent with 150 other Scotchmen to Barbadoes, West Indies.
 About 1652 they appeared in the Province of Maryland. Ninian Beall served his five years with Richard Hall, a planter of Calvert Co.In Liber 5, folio 416, Maryland Land Office Records of 1658, there is a record of Ninian Beall making a land transfer in Calvert Co., Md.
  It seems that these military prisoners were entitled to 50 acres of public land after completing service. In Liber 11, folio 195, Maryland Land Office has the following 16th Jan. 1667: "Then came Ninian Beall of Calvert County, Planter, and proved right to 50 acres of land for his time service performed with Richard Hall of same county."
  By the inexperienced reader the servitude of Col. Ninian Beall for five years under Richard Hall, on account of fighting against Cromwell, may be rated as a disgrace. This humiliation of servitude which came to him, not on account of crime, but through the fortunes of war, was an honor.
   The principle for which he fought finally triumphed in the overthrow of Cromwell. His servitude was a halo of martyrdom for a principle which was honorable. Although he had many chances to escape from servitude after reaching Maryland, yet we find the instincts of a gentleman and soldier prompted him to not only honorably and gracefully submit to the fortunes of war, but at the same time, by so doing, he gained the respect and confidence of the people of Maryland to such a degree that they showered continuous honors upon him to the day of his death.
 Ninian Beall's military ability in the Scotch-English Army seems to have been made good use of in the Province of Maryland, as shown by the following notations:1668:
 Records at Annapolis, dated 31st Oct. 1668, call him Lieut. Ninian Beall.1676: Commissioned Lieut. of Lord Baltimore's "Yacht of War, Loyal Charles of Maryland, John Goade Commander."1684: Deputy Surveyor of Charles Co.1688: Appointed Chief Military Officer of Calvert Co.1692: Appointed High Sheriff of Calvert Co.1694: Appointed Colonel of Militia by the Assembly 30th July, 1694.1697: Appointed on a Commission by the Assembly to treat with the Indians.1679-1701: Was a member of the General Assembly.1699: The General Assembly passed an "Act of Gratitude" for "the distinguished Indian services of Colonel Ninian Beall." (See Liber LL No. 11, folio 228, Archives of Maryland.)
Col. Ninian Beall's signal defeat and destruction of the great Susquehannah Tribe of Indians caused him to be recognized as an Indian fighter of ability. Many official papers written by Col. Ninian Beall and on file in the Provincial Records show that he was a man of broad experience, great mental capacity, undoubted integrity, perfect moral courage, and of good education.
  His signatures to official papers are bold and free. As he signed his will by witnessed mark, that would indicate that he must have been in a very feeble condition of body at the time, for he was 92 years old. He figures in many land transfers. It is estimated that he owned about 4000 acres. There has been much speculation as to whether Col. Ninian Beall's family name in Scotland was spelled BEALL or BELL. Official papers in Maryland records are signed by him in a variety of ways; namely, Ninian BALE, Ringing BELL, Ninian BEALE, Ninion BEALE, Ninian BELL and Ninian BEALL. (Remember spelling was not standardized until abt. 1900)
 After 1667 he signed everything as Ninian BEALL. He seems to have identified himself with the Presbyterian Church of Maryland before 1690. During that year 200 Presbyterian immigrants came over from Scotland under his supervision. He located them along the Potomac River and called the settlement New Scotland. These immigrants brought with them Rev. Nathaniel Taylor. There is recorded at Upper Marlboro a deed of gift from Col. Ninian Beall to Reverend Taylor, of land in Upper Marlboro upon which to build a church. In 1707 Col. Ninian Beall presented the above church a costly silver communion set, made in London. A portion of this silver communion set is now in the Presbyterian Church at Hyattsville, Md.Col.
Ninian Beall had three brothers who settled in the Province of Maryland; namely, Thomas, John and George. Their descendants are numerous. He m. about 1670, Ruth Moore, dau. of Richard and Jane Moore, Barrister of St. Mary's Co., Md. He d. in 1717. He was burried on his Rock of Dumbarton Plantation, at a point now Gay Street, Georgetown, D.C. When his body was removed, his skeleton was found to be perfect, and measured six feet seven inches, and his hair had grown long and retained its youthful color of red.
(paraphrased from story on

In the Name of God, Amen. I, Ninian Beall, of Prince George's County, in the Province of Maryland, being indisposed in Body, but of sound and perfect memory, God be praised for the same, and considering the mortality of human nature and uncertainty of life, doe make, ordain, constitute,and appoint this to be my last Will and Testament, in manner and form following. Vist. Impris. I give and bequeath my soul into the hands of Almighty God in hopes of free pardon for all my sins and as for my body to be committed to the Earth from whence it came, to be decently burried at the discretion of my trustees hereafter mentioned. Item. I will and bequeath that all my debts and funeral charges be first paid and satisfied and as for what portion of my worldly goods as shall be then remaining, I bequeath and bestow in the manner following. Item. I doe give and bequeath unto my son George , my plantation and Tract of Land called the Rock of Dumbarton, lying and being at Rock Creek and containing four hundred and eighty acres, with all the stock thereon, both cattle and Hoggs, them and their increase unto my son George and unto his heirs forever. Item. I doe give and bequeath unto my said George Beall his choice of one of my feather beds, bolster and pillow and other furniture thereunto belonging, with two cows and calves and half my sheep from off this plantation I now live on unto him and his heirs forever.Item. I doe give and bequeath unto my son in law Andrew Hambleton my negro woman Alie unto him and his heirs forever. Item. I give and bequeath unto my granddaughter Mary Beall the daughter of my son Ninian Beall, deceased, the one half part of all my moveables or personal estate cattle and Hogs, Horses Household good after my Legacyes before bequeathed are paid and satisfied, unto her the said Mary and to their heirs forever. Item. I give and bequeath to my Grandson Samuel Beall all the remainder part of Bacon Hall together with the Plantation and Orchyard and tobacco houses hereunto belonging (with this proviso) that when he comes to the age of one and twenty that he make over by a firm conveyance all his right and title that he hath unto a certain Tract of Land called Sames (or Sam's) beginning on the South side of the road goeing to Mount Calvert unto the said Mary and unto her heirs forever, but if my said Grandson should happen to dye before he arrive to be of that age to make over the land soe as aforesaid then, I doe give and bequeath unto my said Granddaughter Mary, the whole Tract of Bacon Hall with the houses and Orchyard thereon unto her and her heirs forever. Item. I give and bequeath unto my grandson Samuel Beall my Water Mill lying on Collington Branch with the houses. Iron work houses and all other matterealls thereunto belonging unto the said Samuel and his heirs forever. Item. I give and bequeath unto my son-in-law, Joseph Belt, part of tract of Land called Good Luck, containing two hundred forty five acres, he allowing unto my heirs the sum of four thousand pounds of tobacco according to our former agreement, he deducting what I doe owe him on his books for several wares and merchandizes to the said Joseph and unto his heirs forever.
page 2Item.
Whereas I owe several debts, I doe empower my trustees hereafter named to enable them to pay the same to sell a certain Tract of Land called Recovery lying and in the freshes of Patuxent River near the head of the Western Branch to be sold, it containing four hundred acres, the aforesaid tract of land bequeathed unto my son Belt is adjoining thereunto. Item. I doe give and bequeath unto my son Charles Beall a Book of Bishop Coopers work the Acts of the Church and the Chronicles of King Charles the first and King Charles the second, and I doe request and oblige my son Charles Beall and my son George to send for a dozen of books entitled an advice to young and old middle age set forth by one and Godsons. Item. I give and bequeath unto my son Charles a thousand acres of land called Dunn Back lying on the South side of great Chaptank in a creek called Wattses creek, unto him and his heirs forever, and lastly I do make, ordain, declare and appoint my grandson Samuel Beall to be my sole and whole executor of this my last will and test i ment and I doe devise my loving son Charles Beall, Joseph Belt and George Beall to do and perform my devise as above exprest and to set and doe for my executors until he arrive to the age of one and twenty, hereby revoking and annulling all former and other wills by me at any time heretofore made and signed, and doe devise my said sons to use their best care and endeavor that my two Grand children, the children of my beloved son Ninian Beall deceased to be brought up and have that education suitable to their estate, I doe also appoint my said sons Trustees to this my last will to make their appearance every Easter Tuesday or any other time as they shall think a more fitting time at my dwelling plantation yearly to inspect into all affairs there of, and of a yearly increase of all the creatures upon my plantation and at the mill for and on behalf of my two Grandchildren who are to be joint sharers therein, my Granddaughter to have her part at the day of her marriage.
In testimony whereof I have to this my last will and testament set my hand and seal this fifteenth day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventeen.Ninian Beall (Seal)
Colonel Ninian Beall By Ruth Beall Gelders, 1976
Daughters of the American RevolutionJoseph Habersham Chapter, Atlanta, GA.

(This document may be reproduced and distributed to anyone interested in Beall family history, provided that it is distributed in its entirety with credit given to the original author (Ruth Beall Gelders) and is not altered in any way. -keb)
Ninian Beall had the distinguished name of a Christian Saint and a Druid Priest, prophetic of his future prodigious leadership and experience.
He was probably descended from the Celts who came to Scotland about the 4th century BC. The Celts were known in Europe from the second millennium BD. Armed with iron weapons, they spread rapidly over Europe, introducing the newly developed iron industries. Greek influences stimulated the use of the chariot and later of writing, and art flourished in richly ornamented styles.
By the 4th century BC, the Celts could no longer withstand encroaching tribes, so they came across the sea to England, Ireland, and Scotland. A division of the northern Celts called Picts or Cruithne settled in Fife in Scotland. They had a hierarchical tribal organization in which priests, nobles, craftsmen, and peasants were clearly defined. They were agriculturists who reared cattle and owned domestic animals, and were tall with long heads, light eyes, and dark or red hair.
The Celts relied on the ministry of the Druids. For a long time, the powers of the priests were kinglike but later the priests became less political and were leaders in the Druid religion, the advancement of art and writing, and teachers of children. The Druids were worshipers of nature and considered the oak tree and the mistletoe which grew upon it to be sacred. They believed in the immortal soul, and its departure at death into another, not earthly, body.
The Druid priests became known by the name Beall, with its various spellings, Beal, Bell, Bel, or Beall. (Genealogical column in "The Warcry," Salvation Army paper 1936).
Christianity was accepted by the Celts about the 5th century AD. It was brought to Scotland by St. Ninian and his disciples. St. Ninian was the son of a British chief in Galloway who was already Christian. Many churches were dedicated in St. Ninian's name. He is buried at the cemetery on Molindenar Burn. Ninian Beall was possibly one of many who were named for St. Ninian.
Ninian Beall's father was Dr. James Beall of Largo, Fifeshire, Scotland. Ninian was born in 1625 at Largo, in East Scotland between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Tay. He grew to be seven feet tall and had red hair. In later years, he was quick to remind people that his name was not pronounced as spelled, but was "ringing bell".
Largo is in the lowlands, but is near the Lomond Hills which rise to 1500 feet. Fishing villages of great antiquity dot the eastern coast, indicating that fishing was one of the occupations of Ninian's time. In addition to fishing, there was also agriculture, mining, weaving, glass blowing and ship building. An adequate judicial system has evolved, and children were required to attend school.
St. Andrews, founded in 1411, seat of Scotland's oldest university, was the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland until the Reformation, and is located in Fife. Dunfermline, also located in Fife, was the royal seat, occupied by the Stuarts. Charles I, second son of King James I and Anne of Denmark, was born there. James I died in 1625, the year of Ninian Beall's birth.
Barbadoes, West Indies.
About 1652, he was transferred, still a prisoner, to Oliver Cromwell, an active leader in the Puritan cause, had risen to power in England, and in 1648 he repelled the Scottish Royalist invasion at Preston. Scotland had become Presbyterian, principally through the work of John Knox, although the Stuarts favored the Episcopal Church. In 1649, Cromwell's political power was enhanced by the removal of Presbyterian leaders from Parliament. In 1650, he invaded Scotland and defeated the Royalist Scots at Dunbar. More than 3,000 Scotsmen were slaughtered on the field and 10,000 prisoners were taken. The wounded among these were released, but 5,000 were sent into virtual slavery in Northumbria, and the rest were shipped off to America and the West Indies. Among these was Ninian Beall who held a commission as a cornetist in the Scottish-English Army under Leslie raised to resist Cromwell, and fought and was made prisoner in the battle of Dunbar, September 3, 1650. He was sentenced to five years of servitude and, after a short stay in Ireland, was packed into the hold of a prison ship with 149 other Scotsmen and sent to the Province of Maryland where he served five years with Richard Hall of Calvert County.
"Then came Ninian Beall of Calvert County, planter, and proved his right to 50 acres of land for his time in service, as military prisoner, performed with Richard Hall of said county. This servitude which came to him through the fortunes of war was an Honor." (From Liber 2, Folio 195, Maryland Land Office, Jan. 16, 1957)
When Ninian was captured and exiled, he was already a husband and father, although his Scottish wife, Elizabeth Gordon, probably died even before the battle of Dunbar. Thomas, one of the sons of this marriage, eventually came to America (about 1667).

In those days, Maryland extended from 40 degrees North to the Potomac River, King Charles having granted a charter for this territory to George Calvert, first Baron Baltimore, in 1632.
Catholics had come to Maryland to avoid persecution. However, the ships Ark and Dove brought both Catholics and Protestants and religious conflict was strong in ensuing years. Soon the Puritans seized control and there was a brief civil war. In 1657, the proprietorship was briefly restored to Lord Baltimore. After England's Glorious Revolution of 1688, the government of the colony passed to the Crown, and the Church of England was made the established church. In 1699, as a member of the Assembly, Ninian Beall signed the petition to King William III for the establishment of the Church of England in Maryland, although Ninian was a Presbyterian Elder.
Maryland became a royal province in 1691. The proprietorship was restored in 1715, but Maryland remained virtually the same as a royal province. Ninian Beall was freed from his obligations as indentured servant during the proprietorship of Lord Baltimore. But after the colony became a royal province, he continued to rise and was appointed Chief Military Officer of Calvert County. He rose from indentured servant to Member of the House of Burgesses, and Commander in Chief of Provincial Forces of Maryland. He was one of the most influential men in the settling of the District of Columbia and its surrounding area, and the protection of the colonists from the Indians.
As religion was the basis for the wars that precipitated the exodus of the colonists to America, it was a vital part of their lives while the country was being settled.
Before 1690, Col. Beall gave land in Upper Marlboro upon which a Presbyterian church was erected. For a minister, he turned to the Rev. Nathaniel Taylor, one of his 200 immigrants from Scotland. In 1707, Col. Beall presented the church with a costly silver communion service set. In 1936, the church and the silver set had been moved to Hyattsville, MD, and an Episcopal Church had risen on the old site at Upper Marlboro.
In 1699, Ninian Beall gave land on the Patuxtent River for "Ye erecting and building of a house for ye Service of Almighty God."
Records at Annapolis give the following memoranda of Ninian's Offices:
  • 1688 - Lt. Ninian Beall
  • 1676 - Lt. of Lord Baltimore's "Yacht of War, Royal Charles of Maryland, John Goade, Commander"
  • 1678 - Captain of Militia of Calvert County, Maryland
  • 1684 - Deputy Surveyor of Charles County
  • 1688 - Appointed Chief Military Officer of Calvert County
  • 1689 - Major of Calvert County Militia
  • 1690 - One of the 25 Commissioners for regulating affairs in Maryland, until the next assembly
  • 1692 - High Sheriff of Calvert County
  • 1693 - Colonel, Commander in Chief of Maryland forces
  • 1694 - Colonel of Militia
  • 1697 - On a Commission to treaty with the Indians
  • 1679 - 1701 - Member of General Assembly
  • 1696 - 1699 - Representative of Prince Georges County in the House of Burgesses
Much of Colonel Beall's time was spent in the saddle riding over Maryland. His interest was centered in the land and the beauties of nature, and the establishment of a foothold in this great new country which we know to day as the United States of America.
The States of Maryland and Virginia were most influential in establishing the Capital in it's present location, as the land upon which it rests belonged mostly to Maryland with a small portion belonging to Virginia. George Washington, a native of Virginia, selected the site of the Nation's Capital and the District of Columbia. Maryland and Virginia granted land on each tide of the Potomac River.
The Indian name for this territory was "Tohoga". The Indian tribes and the immigrants were probably drawn here for some of the same reasons. The soil was rich, the climate was mild, game was plentiful, there was a variety of trees and wild plants, and there was easy access to the sea via the Chesapeake Bay and the wide Potomac. The beautiful Falls and the Potomac Palisades complimented the wide expanse of level land suitable for growing corn and tobacco.
As he rode through the woods admiring the loveliness of this land, Col. Ninian Beall must have been an impressive figure with his great height, red beard and hair. Ninian was instrumental in the negotiation of a treaty with the Piscataway people so that together this tribe and the colonists were able to fight off incursions of the dreaded Susquehannas. In 1699, the General Assembly passed an Act of Gratitude for the distinguished Indian services of Colonel Ninian Beall:
"Whereas Colonel Ninian Beall has been found very serviceable to this Province upon all incursions and disturbances of neighboring Indians and though now grown very aged and less able to perform well, continues, now beyond his ability to do the like service at this juncture of affairs, it si therefore thought fit in point of gratitude for such his good services done and towards his support and relief now in his old age to make him an allowance out of the public revenues of this province."
In 1636, Lord Baltimore stipulated the terms for allotment of land under his official seal. Every adventurers in the first expedition, 1634, who had transported five men between 15 and 50 years of age, was to receive 2,000 acres of land for a yearly rental of 400 acres for himself, a like area for his wife (if he had one) and for each servant, and 50 acres for every child under the age of sixteen. For this he was to pay a yearly rental of 10 pounds of wheat for every 50 acres.

Those who should arrive after 1655 were promised 1,000 acres for every five men they transported to the colony, and the rent for it was fixed at 20 shillings a year, payable in the country's produce. Ships from the Old World continued to arrive with settlers for the manors and plantations of lower Maryland. In 1633 began the patents in the upper reaches of the Potomac and near the Falls. Before 1700, the whole area now covered by Washington was in the possession of its first land owners.
As Ninian Beall was responsible for about 200 immigrants coming to the country, when Prince Georges County was created out of Calvert County, over 7,000 acres of his property were found to be in the new county. On part of this acreage, the District of Columbia is now located, an on another part the famed "Dumbarton Oaks." His first tract of land was called "Rock of Dumbarton." This grant was received from Lord Baltimore and was for seven hundred and ninety five acres.
The area in Maryland now included in the District of Columbia, in those days before 1700 was called New Scotland Hundred, and was a part of Charles County. This county was created by Lord Baltimore in 1658. It was the property along the Potomac River from Wicomico "as high as the settlements extend." New Scotland Hundred extended from Oxon Branch (opposite Alexandria, Va.) to the falls of the Potomac. Charles Beall was the pressmaster of this county. The area included:
  • "The Nock" - grant of 500 acres first warranted to Ninian Beall.
  • "Meurs" - 500 acres first granted to Ninian Beall, originally named "Chance"
  • "Barbadoe" - first laid out or surveyed by Ninian Beall, 250 acres
  • "Inclosure" - patented on Oct. 2, 1687, 1503 acres surveyed for Ninian Beall and by him taken up in 1687, and which was a tract now part of the National Arboretum.
On the eastern side of the Anacostia River the land belonged to Col. Beall above the land of the Addisons. "Fife Enlarged," 1,050 acres, named for Fifeshire, Scotland, was deeded by Co. Beall so his son Capt. Charles Beall, who died in 1740.

In the western portion of the area later covered by the National Capital, early taken up by various grants, there was no opportunity for ownership by Col. Beall until the end of the 17th century. His interests had centered on the area, however, probably through his early trips to the Garrison at the Falls. Eventually, Col. Beall was successful in obtaining tracts on both sides of Rock Creek, "Rock of Dumbarton" on the western side of Rock Creek, and on the eastern side, nearly opposite "Rock of Dumbarton," his earlier tract, "Beall's Levels," 225 acres between Mr. Hutchison's land, and the tract called "Widow's Mite."
It is recorded that George Beall, son of Ninian's son Ninian, was born in 1729 in the home built on Rock of Dumbarton. Another house was built at 1703 32nd Street, at the corner of R Street on "Rock of Dumbarton" by William Dorsey. It is known as "Dumbarton Oaks." From August through October 1944, the first conference of the United Nations was held at Dumbarton Oaks. Dumbarton Oaks had several owners until it was acquired by Robert Woods Bliss who gave it to Harvard University. A research library has been collected containing about 10,000 volumes relating to gardening, Byzantine and early Christian art. This is one of the finest museums and libraries in the world on Byzantine and early Christian art. The present mansion was built about 1800.
Through his may acts of faithfulness and bravery, and because of the large number of immigrants to his credit, Ninian Beall was given warrants for thousands of acres of land. As Deputy Surveyor, he seated many families along the Eastern Branch and the Potomac in Scotland Hundred, most of them through his own land warrants.
Some interesting descriptions of Beall properties obtained from "Washington, City and Capitol, " American Guide to Service, 1937, U.S. Govt. Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, D.C., follow:
  • "Beall's Pleasure" - The house is up a narrow, private road on the left, 16.3 miles N.E. along Bladenton Road from Old Toll Gate, or at Bladensburg. Rd. and H Street, but is visible from the main road. This early colonial and brick house was built in 1795 by Benjamin Stoddard, 1st Secretary of the Navy, and confidential agent in securing rights for the Capital City. This fine example of Georgian architecture was built of brick burned at clay pits still visible on the grounds. The house was erected on foundations of a still earlier house, probably one built by Ninian Beall when he first patented the land and gave in the name in 1706.
  • "Mackall Place" - On R street between 28th and 29th in Georgetown. Soon after 1717, George Beall came to live ion his inheritance called the Rock of Dumbarton, and this small structure may have been his first home here. It consists of a large room with a huge fireplace which was still standing when this description was written. Later, when the Rock of Dumbarton was sold to make part of the City of Georgetown, Beall built, about 1750, the large brick mansion at what is now 3033 N Street, northwest of the oldest brick houses now in the District. This is the house to which Jaqueline Kennedy and her children moved and in which they lived for a year when they left the White House after the death of President Kennedy.
  • "Ninian Beall's Pleasure Map" - Land around the headwaters of the Anacostia had been patented in 1696 to Ninian Beall who sold it to Dr. John Gerrard. Charles Calvert, descendant of the Lords Baltimore, acquired it through marriage to Gerrard's daughter. Calvert's daughter Eugenia sold 60 acres in 1742 for the town of Garrison's Landing.
  • "Dumbarton - Washington House" 1647 30th Street at R Street. Built by Thomas Beall shortly after he inherited the Rock of Dumbarton from his father George Sr. in 1784. At that time he gave his elder brother, George Jr., the Beall mansion on N Street. The new home "Dumbarton" went to Thomas' daughter Elizabeth Ridley as a wedding present when she married George Corbin Washington, great nephew of the President. It was inherited by their son, Lewis Washington, who sold it to Elisha Riggs, co-founder with W. W. Corccoran of Riggs National Bank.
  • "Inspection House for Tobacco" - Ninian Beall received the patent for the Rock of Dumbarton in 1703. Some years later, George Gordon acquired some of the land and also acquired "Knave's Disappointment' from James Smith. He renamed the land "Rock Creek Plantation."
  • "Rosedale," 3501 Newark, and "Woodley," 3000 Cathedral Ave. - Both estates were part of a much larger tract, 1300 or 1400 acres west of Rock Creek and extending beyond the Cathedral grounds, which George Beall acquired in 1720 and described as an addition to the Rock of Dumbarton grant to his father.
  • "Dumbarton House" Q street in Georgetown - This red brick mansion was built by the Bealls and occupied by them until 1796. "Dumbarton" later belonged to Joseph Nourse, first Register of Treasury, and to Charles Carroll. It is now the headquarters for the National Society of the colonial Dames of America. Dolly Madison fled here when the British burned the White House in 1814.
As mentioned before, Col. Beall's first wife, Elizabeth Gordon , died in Scotland, and only one offspring of this marriage is known to have come to America, their son Thomas.

Ninian's second wife was Ruth Moore, daughter of Richard Moore, a Calvert County lawyer. According to records, they were married in 1633 and were the parents of twelve children. Col. Ninian Beall's children are listed as follows:
Son of his first wife Elizabeth Gordon:
  • Thomas Beall, 1647 - 1730, m. Elizabeth Bateman
Children of his second wife Ruth Moore:
  • John Beall 1670 - 1711
  • Capt. Charles Beall - 1672 - 1704
  • Ninian Beall - 1674 - 1734, m. Elizabeth Magruder
  • Sarah - 1669 - 1734 m. Col. Samuel Magruder
  • Hester - m. 1707 to Col. Joseph Belt
  • Jane - m. Col. Archibald Demonston
  • Rachael
  • Col. George Beall - 1695 - 1780 m. Elizabeth Brooke, daughter of Col. Thomas and Barbara Brooke.
  • Mary - m. Andrew Hanbleton
  • Thomas, died in 1708, unmarried
  • Margery, m. (1st) Thomas Sprigg; (2nd) Col. Joseph Belt, her brother-in-law
  • James
Sarah's grandson, Joshua, married Millicent Bradley, daughter of Robert Bradley and Ann Fendall, daughter of the first Governor of Maryland.

The Bealls were of the Macmillian Clan, and the Magruders were of the MacGregor Clan. There were marriages with the Magruders and several marriages with the descendants of Gov. Robert Brooke of Maryland. Gov. Robert Brook came across the Atlantic in his own vessel carrying his wife, ten children, and forty servants in 1650.
Alexander Beall came to this country late in the 17th century. His large land holdings began at Sligo Creek in the edge of Silver Spring, Maryland, and reached across what is now Montgomery County. There were marriages between his descendants and Col. Ninian's.
The necessary research and the space to list all of the members of Col. Ninian Beall's family in all professions and types of employment who have been of service to the country, outstanding and distinguished citizens, is for hands other than mine to finish. However, in this Bi-Centennial year, let us remember the men and women who spent their lives in the establishment of out country, both at its beginning and those who have helped to develop it into the great country which now exists.
A bronze plaque has been installed on a large oval rock, symbolic of the "Rock of Dumbarton," in front of St. John's Episcopal church in Georgetown, 3240 O Street N.W., with the following inscription:
"Colonel Ninian Beall, born Scotland, 1625, died Maryland 1717, patentee of the Rock of Dumbarton; Member of the House of Burgesses; Commander in Chief of the Provincial Forces of Maryland. In grateful recognition of his services "upon all Incursions and Disturbances of Neighboring Indians" the Maryland Assembly of 1699 passed an "Act of Gratitude." This memorial erected by the Society of Colonial Wars in the District of Columbia, 1910.
Colonel Ninian Beall died at the age of 92 at Fife's Largo, named for the place of his birth in Scotland. This was the home mentioned in his will (1717) and was in Prince Georges County near Upper Marlboro. It is believed that he is buried at Bacon Hall, another of his homes in Prince Georges County.
 This is susposedly the image of one of Ninian Beall's sons.
Ninian was almost seven feet tall and had red hair.

Ninian Beall Col. * (1625 - 1717)
is our 8th great grandfather
Rachel Beale * (1662 - 1729)
daughter of Ninian Beall Col. *
Mary Eleanor Owings * (1706 - 1740)
daughter of Rachel Beale *
John Long * (1724 - 1768)
son of Mary Eleanor Owings *
John Read Long * (1754 - 1819)
son of John Long *
Nancy Jane Long * (1779 - 1838)
daughter of John Read Long *
Levi Springer * (1810 - 1839)
son of Nancy Jane Long *
Mary Mariah Springer * (1840 - 1913)
daughter of Levi Springer *
Mary Lou Ella Stewart * (1883 - 1938)
daughter of Mary Mariah Springer *
Doran Edgar Lute * (1901 - 1982)
son of Mary Lou Ella Stewart *