The period from 1680 until 1685 was one of the fiercest in terms of persecution and a few months between 1684-85 became forever known as the "Killing Times". Charles' brother James II had come to the throne and was a believer in the Devine Right of Kings and a supporter of the Roman Catholic faith. It became his sworn intent to totally eradicate the Presbyterians.
The Covenanters were now flushed out and hunted down as never before and the common soldier was empowered to take life at will of any suspect without trial of law. Usually it was done without any evidence and often as the result of the suspicions of an over-zealous town official or Minister. Brutality in these days defied the imagination and the persecution had no mercy on man, woman or child, irrespective of circumstances. Any class of Covenanter once caught by the King's troops could be shot or murdered on the spot.
Sir James Hume and his wife Marjorie Johnson, and their two children, born in Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire, Scotland, had been imprisoned and their land seized because they refused to follow the "Kirk" decreed by the Stewarts. James' brother intervened and they were released on condition they depart for America. En-route to America Barbara's parents died in an epidemic aboard the ship, Caledonia. William Hoge became her protector and delivered her to an uncle, Dr. Johnson, in New York. William settled in Perth Amboy, New Jersey and later he and Barbara were married.
The Humes came over on the ship Caledonia which was a ship used for prisoners expelled by the British government to the American Colonies for political reasons. There are several relics of the old vessel in parts of the state of New Jersey, in the possession of those who claim descent from those she brought to our shores.
William Hoge/Barbara Hume Headstone Memorial Marker
Barbara Hume can be looked upon as a survivor of adversity. She and her husband William Hoge lived first in New Jersey and then settled in Virginia. They worked hard and became respected landowners. They donated land and built the first log meeting house for the Presbyterian Church in Winchester, Virginia.
Barbara Hume * (1670 - 1745)
is our 7th great grandmother
Mary Hogue * (1688 - 1735)
daughter of Barbara Hume *
Mark Hardin * (1718 - 1790)
son of Mary Hogue *
Benjamin Hardin * (1753 - 1834)
son of Mark Hardin *
Daniel Hardin * (1790 - 1850)
son of Benjamin Hardin *
Martin V Hardin * (1834 - 1881)
son of Daniel Hardin *
Nancy Wilson Hardin * (1858 - 1933)
daughter of Martin V Hardin *
Walter Scott Bramblett * (1882 - 1978)
son of Nancy Wilson Hardin *
Margaret May Belle Bramblett * (1911 - 1988)
daughter of Walter Scott Bramblett *