Thursday, December 26, 2013

John Henry "Doc" Holliday (1851-1887)

We share 6th great grandparents with John Henry "Doc" Holliday---the infamous gambler, gunslinger, and dentist.  This makes him our 4th cousin three times removed.
The following information is excerpts that come from Wikipedia:
Doc Holliday--- Born John Henry Holliday
August 14, 1851

Griffin, Georgia
, U.S. Died November 8, 1887 (aged 36)
Glenwood Springs, Colorado
U.S. Education Graduated from Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery in 1872 at age 20
Occupation Dentistprofessional gambler, gunfighter
Known for Arizona War
Gunfight at the O.K. Corral
Earp Vendetta Ride

John Henry "Doc" Holliday (August 14, 1851 – November 8, 1887) was an American gambler, gunfighter and dentist of the American Old West, who is usually remembered for his friendship with Wyatt Earp and his involvement in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral.
During his travels, he met and became good friends with Wyatt Earp and Earp's brothers. In 1880, he moved to Tombstone, Arizona, and participated alongside the Earps in the famous gunfight. This did not settle matters between the two sides, and Holliday was embroiled in ensuing shootouts and killings. He successfully fought being extradited for murder, and died in bed at a Colorado hotel/sanatorium at the age of 36.

The legend and mystique of his life is so great that he has been mentioned in countless books, and portrayed by various actors in numerous movies and television series. For the 100-plus years since his death, debate has continued about the exact crimes he may have committed during his life.
 In September 1873, Holliday moved to Dallas, Texas, where he opened a dental office with fellow dentist and Georgian John A. Seegar. Their office was located between Market and Austin Streets along Elm Street, about three blocks east of the site of today's Dealey Plaza.[10] He soon began gambling and realized this was a more profitable source of income, since patients feared going to his office because of his ongoing cough. On May 12, 1874, Holliday and 12 others were indicted in Dallas for illegal gambling.[10] He was arrested in Dallas in January 1875 after trading gunfire with a saloon-keeper, but no one was injured and he was found not guilty.[1] He moved his offices to Denison, Texas, and after being found guilty of, and fined for, "gaming" in Dallas, he decided to leave the state.
Holliday made his way to Denver, traveling the stage routes and staying at Army outposts along the way practicing his trade as a gambler. In the summer of 1875 he settled in Denver under the alias "Tom Mackey", working as a Faro dealer forJohn A. Babb's Theatre Comique at 357 Blake street. Here he heard about gold being discovered in Wyoming and on February 5, 1876 he relocated to Cheyenne, working as a dealer for Babb's partner, Thomas Miller, who owned a saloon called the Bella Union. In the fall of 1876, Miller moved the Bella Union to Deadwood (site of the gold rush in the Dakota Territory) and Holliday moved with him.[11]
In 1877, Holliday returned to Cheyenne and Denver, eventually making his way to Kansas to visit an aunt. He left Kansas and returned to Texas setting up as a gambler in the town of Breckenridge. On July 4, 1877 he got involved in an altercation with another gambler named Henry Kahn, whom Holliday beat with his walking stick repeatedly. Both men were arrested and fined, but later in the day, Kahn shot Holliday, wounding him seriously.[12]
The Dallas Weekly Herald incorrectly reported Holliday as dead in its July 7 edition. His cousin, George Henry Holliday moved west to take care of him during his recovery. Fully recovered, Holliday relocated to Fort Griffin, Texas, where he met "Big Nose Kate" (Mary Katharine Horony) and began his long-time involvement with her.[12] In Fort Griffin, Holliday was initially introduced to Wyatt Earp through mutual friend John Shanssey.[13] Earp had stopped at Fort Griffin, Texas, before returning to Dodge City in 1878 to become the assistant city marshal, serving under Charlie Bassett.[14]:31 The two began to form an unlikely friendship; Earp more even-tempered and controlled, Holliday more hot-headed and impulsive. This friendship was cemented in 1878 in Dodge City, Kansas, when Holliday defended Earp in a saloon against a handful of cowboys out to kill Earp, and where both Earp and Holliday had traveled to make money gambling with the cowboys who drove cattle from Texas.
Holliday was still practicing dentistry on the side from his rooms in Fort Griffin and in Dodge City, as indicated in an 1878 Dodge newspaper advertisement (he promised money back for less than complete customer satisfaction), but this is the last known time he attempted to practice.[13] Holliday was primarily a gambler although he had a reputation as a deadly gunman. Modern research has only identified three instances in which he shot someone. In the summer of 1878, Holliday assisted Earp during a bar room confrontation when Earp "was surrounded by desperadoes". Earp credited Holliday with saving his life that day and the two became friends as a result..[15]
One documented instance happened when Holliday was employed during a railroad dispute. On July 19, 1879, Holliday and noted gunman John Joshua Webb were seated in a saloon in Las Vegas, New Mexico when a former U.S. Army scout named Mike Gordon tried to persuade one of the saloon girls to leave her job and come away with him. When she refused, Gordon stormed outside and began firing into the building. Holliday followed him and killed him before he could get off a second shot. Holliday was placed on trial for the shooting but was acquitted, mostly based on the testimony of Webb.[16][17]
Dodge City was not a frontier town for long; by 1879, it had become too respectable for the sort of people who had seen it through its early days. For many, it was time to move on to places not yet reached by the civilizing railroad—places where money was to be made. Holliday, by this time, was as well known for his prowess as a gunfighter as for his gambling, though the latter was his trade and the former simply a reputation. Through his friendship with Wyatt and the other Earp brothers, especially Morgan and Virgil, Holliday made his way to the silver-mining boom town of Tombstone, Arizona Territory, in September 1880. The Earps had been there since December 1879. Some accounts state the Earps sent for Holliday when they realized the problems they faced in their feud with the Cowboy faction. In Tombstone, Holliday quickly became embroiled in the local politics and violence that led up to the famous Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in October 1881.
The gunfight happened in front of, and next to, Fly's boarding house and picture studio, where Holliday had a room, the day after a late night of hard drinking and poker by Ike Clanton. The Clantons and McLaurys collected in the space between the boarding house and the house west of it, before being confronted by the Earps. Holliday likely thought they were there specifically to assassinate him.[18]
It is known Holliday carried a coach gun from the local stage office into the fight; he was given the weapon just before the fight by Virgil Earp, as Holliday was wearing a long coat which could conceal it. Virgil Earp in turn took Holliday's walking stick: by not going conspicuously armed, Virgil was seeking to avoid panic in the citizenry of Tombstone, and in the Clantons and McLaurys.[19]
An inquest and arraignment hearing determined the gunfight was not a criminal act on the part of Holliday and the Earps. The situation in Tombstone soon grew worse when Virgil Earp was ambushed and permanently injured in December 1881. Then Morgan Earp was ambushed and killed in March 1882. After Morgan's murder, Virgil Earp and many remaining members of the Earp families fled town. Holliday and Wyatt Earp stayed in Tombstone to exact retribution on Ike Clanton and the corrupt members known as the Cowboys. In Tucson, while Wyatt, Warren Earp, and Holliday were escorting the wounded Virgil Earp and his wife Allie on the first stage of their trip to California, they prevented another ambush in Tucson, and this may have been the start of the vendetta against Morgan's killers.
Several Cowboys were identified by witnesses as suspects in the shooting of Virgil Earp on December 27, 1881, and the assassination of Morgan Earp on March 19, 1882. Some circumstantial evidence also pointed to their involvement.
Wyatt Earp had been appointed Deputy U.S. Marshall after Virgil was maimed. He deputized Holliday, Warren Earp, Sherman McMasters, and "Turkey Creek" Jack Johnson, and they guarded Virgil Earp and his wife Allie on their way to the train for California. In Tucson, the group spotted Frank Stilwell and Ike Clanton lying in wait to kill Virgil. On Monday, March 20, 1882, Frank Stilwell's body was found at dawn alongside the rail road tracks, riddled with buckshot and gunshot wounds.[20]
Tucson Justice of the Peace Charles Meyer issued arrest warrants for five of the Earp party, including Holliday. They returned briefly to Tombstone on March 21, where they were joined by Texas Jack Vermillion and possibly others. Wyatt deputized the men who rode with him. After leaving Tombstone, the posse made its way to Spence's wood-cutting camp in the South Pass of the Dragoon Mountains. There they found and killed Florentino "Indian Charlie" Cruz. Over the next few days they also located and killed "Curly Bill" Brocius and wounded at least two other men thought to be responsible for Morgan's death. Holliday and four other members of the posse were still faced with warrants for Stilwell's death. The group elected to leave the Arizona Territory for New Mexico and then Colorado. While in Trinidad, Colorado, Wyatt Earp and Holliday parted ways, going separately to different parts of Colorado. Holliday arrived in Colorado in mid-April 1882.[21]
On May 15, 1882, Holliday was arrested in Denver on the Arizona warrant for murdering Frank Stilwell. Wyatt Earp, fearing that Holliday could not receive a fair trial in Arizona, asked his friend Bat Masterson, Sheriff of Trinidad, Colorado, to help get Holliday released. The extradition hearing was set for May 30.[22]:230 Late in the evening of May 29, Masterson needed help getting an appointment with Colorado Governor Frederick Walker Pitkin. He contacted E. D. Cowen, capital reporter for the Denver Tribune, who held political sway in town. Cowen later wrote, "He submitted proof of the criminal design upon Holliday's life. Late as the hour was, I called on Pitkin." After meeting with Masterson, Pitkin was persuaded by whatever evidence he presented and refused to honor Arizona's extradition request.[22] His legal reasoning was that the extradition papers for Holliday contained faulty legal language, and that there was already a Colorado warrant out for Holliday—one on bunco charges that Masterson had fabricated in Pueblo, Colorado.[22]
Masterson took Holliday to Pueblo, where he was released on bond two weeks after his arrest.[23] Holliday and Wyatt met briefly after Holliday's release during June 1882 in Gunnison.
On July 14, 1882, Johnny Ringo was found dead in the crotch of a large tree in West Turkey Creek Valley, near Chiricahua Peak, Arizona Territory, with a bullet hole in his right temple and a revolver hanging from a finger of his hand. The book, I Married Wyatt Earp, supposedly written by Josephine Marcus Earp, reported that Wyatt Earp and Holliday returned to Arizona to find and kill Ringo. Actually written by Glen Boyer, the book states that Holliday killed Ringo with a rifle shot at a distance, contradicting the coroner's ruling that Ringo's death was a suicide. However, Boyer's book has been discredited as a fraud and a hoax[24] that cannot be relied upon.[25]:489 In response to criticism about the book's authenticity, Boyer said the book was not really a first-person account, that he had interpreted Wyatt Earp in Josephine's voice, and admitted that he could not produce any documents to vindicate his methods.[26]
Official records of the Pueblo County, Colorado District Court indicate that both Holliday and his attorney appeared in court there on July 11, 14 and 18, 1882. Author Karen Holliday Tanner, in Doc Holliday, A Family Portrait, speculated that Holliday may not have been in Pueblo at the time of the court date, citing a writ of habeas corpus issued for him in court on July 11.[6] She believes that only his attorney may have appeared on his behalf that day, in spite of the wording of a court record that indicated he may have appeared in person—in propria persona or "in his own person". She cites this as standard legal filler text that does not necessarily prove the person was present. There is no doubt that Holliday arrived in Salida, Colorado on July 7 as reported in a town newspaper. This is 500 miles (800 km) from the site of Ringo's death, six days before the shooting.
Holliday spent the rest of his life in Colorado. After a stay in Leadville, he suffered from the high altitude. He increasingly depended on alcohol and laudanum to ease the symptoms of tuberculosis, and his health and his ability to gamble began to deteriorate.[6]:218
In 1887, prematurely gray and badly ailing, Holliday made his way to the Hotel Glenwood, a sanatorium near the hot springs of Glenwood Springs, Colorado. He hoped to take advantage of the reputed curative power of the waters, but the sulfurous fumes from the spring may have done his lungs more harm than good.[6]:217 As he lay dying, Holliday is reported to have asked the nurse attending him at the Hotel Glenwood for a shot of whiskey. When she told him no, he looked at his bootless feet, amused. The nurses said that his last words were, "Damn, this is funny." Holliday died at 10 A.M., November 8, 1887. He was 36.[3] It was reported that no one ever thought that Holliday would die in bed with his boots off.

Marcus Mark Hardin * (1681 - 1735)                 Marcus Mark Hardin * (1681 - 1735)
is our 6th great grandfather                                          is our 6th great grandfather
Mark Hardin * (1718 - 1790)                              Alice Hardin (1730-1777)
son of Marcus Mark Hardin *                                          daughter of Marcus Mark Hardin *
Benjamin Hardin * (1753 - 1834)                        Joseph Cloud (1770-1851)
son of Mark Hardin *                                                       son of Alice Hardin
Daniel Hardin * (1790 - 1850)                             Jane Cloud (1804-1853)
son of Benjamin Hardin *                                                 daughter of Joseph Cloud
Martin V Hardin (1834 - 1881)                            Alice Jane Mckey (1829-1866)
son of Daniel Hardin *                                                      daughter of Jane Cloud
Nancy Wilson Hardin * (1858 - 1933)                  John Henry “Doc” Holliday (1851-1887)
daughter of Martin V Hardin
Walter Scott Bramblett * (1882 - 1978)
son of Nancy Wilson Hardin *
Margaret May Belle Bramblett * (1911 - 1988)

Thursday, August 22, 2013

Thomas "Turner" Lee Wilkerson (1758-1838)

When Thomas "Turner" Lee Wilkerson was born on April 14, 1758, in Henrico, Virginia, his father, William, was 26 and his mother, Sarah, was 18. He married Chloe and they had six children together. He then married Mary Agnes Brooks and they had seven children together between 1803 and 1820. He died on March 19, 1838, in Smith, Tennessee, having lived a long life of 79 years.

Turner Wilkerson received a pension in TN for his service in Virginia during the Revolution. I have found a copy of his pension index, and according to one researcher he was called up three times between November 1775 to November of 1781, participating in the Battle of Great Bridge on 9 December 1775, and the Battle of Yorktown in the fall of 1781.

Battle of Yorktown
In August 1781, General George Washington learned that Lieutenant General Lord Charles Cornwallis' army was encamped near Yorktown, VA. After discussing options with his French ally, Lieutenant General Jean-Baptiste Ponton de Rochambeau, Washington decided to quietly move his army away from New York City with the goal of crushing Cornwallis' isolated force. Departing on August 21, the Franco-American army began marching south. As any success would be dependent upon the French navy's ability to prevent Cornwallis being resupplied, this movement was supported by the fleet of Rear Admiral Comte de Grasse. Arriving in the Chesapeake, de Grasse's ships assumed a blockading position. On September 5, a British fleet led by Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Graves arrived and engaged the French. In the resulting Battle of the Chesapeake, de Grasse succeeded in defeating the British and leading them away from the bay. Disengaging, the French returned to the Chesapeake and resumed blockading Cornwallis' army. Arriving at Williamsburg, Washington met with de Grasse aboard his flagship Ville de Paris on September 17. After securing the admiral's promise to remain in the bay, Washington focused on concentrating his forces. As troops from New York reached Williamsburg, they joined with the forces of the Marquis de Lafayette who had been shadowing Cornwallis' movements. With the army assembled, Washington and Rochambeau began the march to Yorktown on September 28. Arriving outside the town later that day, the two commanders deployed their forces with the Americans on the right and the French on the left. A mixed Franco-American force, led by the Comte de Choissey, was dispatched across the York River to oppose the British position on Gloucester Point. In Yorktown, Cornwallis held out hope that a promised relief force of 5,000 men would arrive from New York. Outnumbered more than 2-to-1, he ordered his men to abandon the outer works around the town and fall back to the main line of fortifications. This was later criticized as it would have taken the allies several weeks to reduce these positions by regular siege methods. On the night of October 5/6, the French and Americans began construction of the first siege line. By dawn, a 2,000-yard long trench opposed the southeast side of the British works. Two days later, Washington personally fired the first gun. For the next three days, French and American guns pounded the British lines around the clock. Feeling his position collapsing, Cornwallis wrote to Lieutenant General Henry Clinton on October 10 calling for aid. The British situation was made worse by a smallpox outbreak within the town. On the night of October 11, Washington's men began work on a second parallel, just 250 yards from the British lines. Progress on this work was impeded by two British fortifications, Redoubts #9 and #10, which prevented the line from reaching the river. The capture of these positions was assigned to General Count William Deux-Ponts and Colonel Alexander Hamilton. After extensive planning, the attack moved forward on the night of October 14, with Deux-Pont's French troops seizing #9, while Hamilton's Americans captured #10. Immediately after the redoubts were captured, American sappers began extending the siege lines. With the enemy growing nearer, Cornwallis again wrote to Clinton for help and described his situation as "very critical." As the bombardment continued, Cornwallis was pressured into launching an attack against the allied lines on October 16.Led by Colonel Robert Abercrombie the attack succeeded in taking some prisoners and spiking six guns, but was unable to breakthrough. That night, Cornwallis shifted 1,000 men and his wounded to Gloucester Point with the goal of transferring his army across the river and breaking out to the north. As the boats returned to Yorktown, they were scattered by a storm. Out of ammunition for his guns and unable to shift his army, Cornwallis decided to open negotiations with Washington. At 9:00 AM on October 17, a single drummer mounted the British works and beat the long roll as a lieutenant waved a white flag.
The fighting at Yorktown cost the allies 72 killed and 180 wounded. British losses were higher and included 156 killed, 326 wounded. In addition, Cornwallis' remaining 7,018 men were taken prisoner. Meeting at the nearby Moore House, Cornwallis attempted to obtain the same favorable terms of surrender that Major General John Burgoyne had received at Saratoga. This was refused by Washington who imposed the same harsh conditions that the British had demanded of Major General Benjamin Lincoln the year before at Charleston. With no other choice, Cornwallis complied and the final surrender documents were signed on October 19. At noon the French and American armies lined up to await the British surrender. Two hours later the British marched out with flags furled and their bands playing "The World Turned Upside Down." Claiming he was ill, Cornwallis sent Brigadier General Charles O'Hara in his stead. Approaching the allied leadership, O'Hara attempted to surrender to Rochambeau but was instructed by the Frenchman to approach the Americans. As Cornwallis was not present, Washington directed O'Hara to surrender to Lincoln, who was now serving as his second-in-command. With the surrender complete, Cornwallis' army was taken into custody rather than paroled. Shortly thereafter, Cornwallis was exchanged for Henry Laurens, the former President of the Continental Congress. The victory at Yorktown was the last major engagement of the American Revolution and effectively ended the conflict in the American's favor.
American Revolution: Battle of Yorktown
By Kennedy Hickman

American Victory Southern theater, 1775-83

The Battle of Great Bridge was fought in the area of Great Bridge, which resulted in the end of British Colonial government of the colony. This battle was responsible for removing Lord Dunmore and any other vestige of English Government for the Colony of Virginia during the early days of the Revolutionary War. Shortly thereafter, Norfolk, at the time a Tory center, was captured and destroyed. A cannon ball fired from the English ship HMS Lord Dunmore was fleeing Virginia on is incased in the wall of St. Pauls Church in Norfolk. That cannon ball remains on display in its final resting place in the southeast wall of the church. The complete defeat of the British in the Virginia Colony at the Battle of Great Bridge, 7 months before the writing of the Declaration of Independence, was at the time called the Second Battle of Bunker’s Hill. It resulted in the capture of Norfolk by the Americans and the bombardment and complete destruction of Norfolk 3 weeks later on January 1, 1776. It ended the rule of the British in Virginia. Lord Dunmore, colonial governor of Virginia, has, in growing disfavor, retreated from Williamsburg but in Norfolk was considered a "nest of Tories", and Dunmore thought he was making headway against the rebellion by pillaging the plantations of patriots, winning slaves over to his side and seizing printing presses. With just 1 more regiment and a few more battalions, he wrote on the last of November, "I really believe we should reduce this colony to a proper sense of their duty." On the other side, Gen. George Washington, commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, urged that Dunmore "should be instantly crushed" lest his forces grow. He wrote the president of the Continental Congress from New England: "I do not mean to dictate, I am sure they will pardon me from freely giving them my opinion, which is, that the fate of America a good deal depends on his being obligated to evacuate Norfolk this winter or not." According to contemporary accounts in the Virginia Gazette, Dunmore, after defeating the opposition at Kemp’s Landing moved ten miles south to Great Bridge on the South Branch of the Carolinas. Great Bridge was the shipping point to nearby Norfolk of shingles, tar potash and turpentine from the Carolinas. Finding resistance increasing, he built a stockade on the North (Norfolk) side, removed the bridge planking, destroyed 5 or 6 houses on the opposite shore and fortified the narrow causeway bridge approaches with two 12-lb. cannons. Col. William Woodford, in charge of the 2nd Virginia Regiment, was gathering forces at Great Bridge of minute men from Fauquier, Augusta and Culpepper Counties, in the western part of the Colony as well as volunteers from Princess Anne and Norfolk Counties. Woodford reported 250 Carolina men arriving under Colonel Vail "composed of regulars, minute men, militia and volunteers." The Virginia Gazette reported "150 gentlemen volunteers had marched to Virginia from North Carolina on hearing of Dunmore’s insolences and outrages." Dunmore, misinformed of the strength of the opposition, sent sailors from the Otter at Norfolk, "plus some 60 townsmen" on a surprise attack on Great Bridge. In the early morning hours, the column within 15 steps of the American forces before falling mortally wounded. Lt. Travis, in command of the American advanced breastworks, had ordered his handful of 25 men to reserve their fire until the British troops came within 50 yards. The staggered British were rallied under Lt. Samuel Leslie, who was later captured. Col. Woodard’s main group, moving through Great Bridge, received a heavy cannon barrage. It was all over, however, in half an hour’s time. Royal authority in the Virginia Colony was at an end. It was a complete rout. The loss of men to the British was reported as 102 killed or wounded, and only 11 of Fordyce’s grenadiers survived. The British retreated to Norfolk. By the time Washington had written the Continental Congress from New England, Col. Woodford was able to report to Edmund Pendleton, president of the Convention at Williamsburg, that he and Col. Robert Howe were in complete command in Norfolk with 1,275 men, and that the Tories and their families had removed themselves to Dunmore’s ship, HMS Otter , in the harbor.
Built by Thomas Turner Lee Wilkerson in 1816
Photo by John Waggoner, Jr.

Tennessee Property
Photo by John Waggoner, Jr.

Thomas "Turner" Lee Wilkerson (1758 - 1838)
is our 4th great grandfather
daughter of Thomas "Turner" Lee Wilkerson
daughter of Nancy S Wilkerson
son of Nancy S McDonald
daughter of Martin Crenshaw  Holland
daughter of Ollie Florence Holland

Saturday, August 10, 2013

Captain Richard Owens Owings (1662-1716)

Flag of Wales

The period in Wales, from 1660 to 1689 has rightly been called 'The Heroic Age of Dissent '. In caves barns and stables Catholic priests were hanged, drawn and quartered, and Quakers were cruelly beaten and left to rot in stinking holes called prisons. Those who had sought to turn the world upside down during the revolutionary years found themselves forced on to the defensive and obliged to come to terms with the considerable hostility and resentment of their political enemies.
Refusal of Friends to swear the Oath of Allegiance and pay tithes brought them into direct conflict with established authority. The iniquitous Quaker Act of 1662 was especially damaging to Friends hopes for the future since it prohibited them from meeting together to worship and threatened those who offended thrice with transportation. Similarly, the Conventicle Act of 1664 was deliberately designed to cut the roots of a movement like Quakerism. From the spring of 1660 onwards, however, Montgomeryshire Friends faced considerable hostility with cheerful good humor and astonishing courage. By November, eight Friends were languishing in Welshpools 'old Crib, a wretched hovel in the hands of a foul-tempered and hard-hearted gaoler. Friends were forced to sleep on wet straw or cold floors, and were periodically showered with urine and excrement falling from a chamber above where common felons were housed. Like many of their brethren elsewhere in England and Wales, they froze during the cold months of winter and sweated profusely on hot summer days.

Unlike most of their fellow Dissenters, Friends made no effort to conceal their evangelizing activities or evade the rigors of the law. They were more liable than most, therefore, to be seized by bullying constables and beaten without mercy. Armed posses apprehended itinerant Quakers and left them to rot in overpopulated cells and dungeons. Those who publicly and faithfully maintained their testimony against tithes, oaths and. carnal weapons lived in constant peril. In 1660, soldiers armed with swords and staves burst into a meeting in Radnorshire, abused Friends, and 'one of them with his Sword struck a Friend on the Head, and cut his Hat almost through. In August 1660 groups of Quakers in Merioneth, many of them clad only in shirts and petticoats, were dragged from their beds by constables and driven, barefoot, to Bala.
 The spirit of vengeance was abroad in Wales after 1660, and landowners and churchmen were determined to launch and sustain a witch-hunt against erstwhile radicals.   Nursing bitter memories, loyalists in mid-Wales were determined to pay off old scores.

When constables and bailiffs came to distrain (confiscate) property and belongings, Friends stood back passively and watched as cattle, sheep, oxen, horses,. brass pots and pans, pewter dishes, iron bills and bars, books and bibles were carried away. 
Thomas Lloyd championed the cause of liberty of conscience and collaborated intimately with Richard Davies in a bid to shield Friends from the worst rigors of the law. His decision to join William Penn’s Holy Christian community in 1683 was a severe blow to the Quaker cause in Wales, for Lloyd had impressed his antagonists as a learned and courteous disputant and had inspired his colleagues with his vision of a world in which swords were beaten into ploughshares. Wales’ loss proved to be Pennsylvania’s’ gain, for Lloyd became one of the patrician pillars of the Quaker community in Philadelphia.

The Quakers of today are a far cry from the radicals of the seventeenth century.  We have a rich Quaker heritage, but our progenitors left their faith and converted to other religions and were stalwarts in fighting for our country.

Richard Owings was born about 1662. He was the fourth son of Owen Humphrey of Llwyn-du, gentleman, whose entailed estate was in the township of Llwyngwril in the parish of Llangelynin, county of Merioneth in North Wales. He (Richard) was paternally descended from Ednowain ap Bradwen of Llys-Bradwen (living in 1194) progenitor of the fifteen noble tribes of North Wales and Powis. He was named for Richard Davies, a Quaker minister and friend of Owen Humphrey (Richard’s father).
• Emigrated: to William Penn’s Pennsylvania and then to Anne Arundel Co., Maryland, before March 1685.
• Borrowed: from Christopher Randall, Bef 20 Mar 1685. A considerable amount owed by Richard Owings was listed in the estate inventory of Christopher Randall.
• Purchased: "Range" from Thomas Lightfoot and his wife Rebecca, 12 Sep 1685. "Range" was in Anne Arundel County about a mile from the head of the Anne Arundel River, by the line of Richard Warfield's land, by a tract called the "Marsh."
• Sold: 384 acres to Jabez Pierpont for 4500 pounds of tobacco, Fall 1686. Richard's wife released her dower right in it. Jabez Pierpont was a planter of Baltimore County.
• Had surveyed: "Owen's Adventure," 10 Oct 1694. This was 450 acres on the west side of the Patapsco, on the north side of Col. Taylor's land. The tract had originally been patented 10 November 1695.
• Served: as Captain in Maryland militia, 1695.
• Captain: of Rangers for the defense of Maryland Province, Abt 16 Oct 1697. Fifteen men were raised "to strengthen the Garrison and frontiers at Potomak."
• Signed: Receipt for arms and equipment received from the Governor, Abt 30 Oct 1697.
• Listed: Under the command of Col. Ninian Beale, 6 Feb 1699 to 6 May 1700. Paid 3/4d per day, for a total of £15.03.04.
• Patent for Owen's Adventure: granted to Richard by Lord Baltimore, 3 Apr 1700. Alternate spelling appears as "Owings Adventure."
• Conveyed: 225 acres out of the 450 in "Owen's Adventure" to Col. Edward Dorsey for £40, 13 Mar 1704. Transaction may have taken place in August 1704.
• Carpenter, 1 Jun 1708.
• Sold: 100 acres from "Owing's Adventure" to Richard Acton, planter, 1 Jun 1708. Richard's wife, Rachel, gave her consent.
• Land grant for "Owens Outland Plains": made to Capt. Richard Owings, 10 Sep 1725. Grant consisted of 480 acres in Baltimore County.

On his retirement Captain Owings settled, prior to Midsummer, 1702, in the Upper Part, North Patapsco Hundred, Baltimore County, where he had previously surveyed, on 10 October 1694, two neighboring plantations. These were "Long Acre", 225 acres, on the north bank of the Patapsco, halfway between Elk Ridge Landing and the present Ellicott City, and "Owings' Adventure," 450 acres, directly back in the woods and at or near the southeast corner of what is now Catonsville. On the former tract he built a small frame dwelling with brick chimneys at either end, a separate kitchen house, several tobacco barns, and other structures. Of the latter tract, he sold the northwest half to Col. Edward Dorsey, 13 August 1704.

Richard Owens Owings Capt. (1662 - 1716)
is our 7th great grandfather
daughter of Richard Owens Owings Capt.
son of Mary Eleanor Owings *
son of John Long *
daughter of John Read Long *
son of Nancy Jane Long *
daughter of Levi Springer *
daughter of Mary Mariah Springer *

Friday, June 21, 2013

Edward Lawrence (1693-1786)

Edward Lawrence was born 29 September 1693 in Northumberland,Virginia and died 28 October 1786 in Fauquier, Virginia. His grandfather John Joseph Lawrence immigrated from England in about 1635 to Mass. His great grandfather, Henry Lawrence, soon followed. They were most probably Puritans.

Edward Lawrence supplied beef for the Revolutionary Army. Found in Fauquier Co. VA Will Book 2, page 82. Public Service Claims Certificates, #252-1 and 252-2, issued to Edward Larrance 28 Nov 1780 and 16 Sep 1781.  It appears four of his sons also fought in the Revolutionary war.

Edward Lawrence * (1693 - 1786)
is our 6th great grandfather
son of Edward Lawrence *
daughter of Peter Lawrence *
son of Nancy Ann Lawrence *
son of William Bramblett *Jr.
son of Fielding Bramblett *
son of George Edward Bramblett *
daughter of Walter Scott Bramblett *


Thursday, June 13, 2013

Captain Christopher Hussey (1599-1686)
Hussey Memorial Stone from Founder's Park, Hampton N.H.
Christopher Hussey was born & baptized in Dorking, Surrey, England. He was the son of John Hussey & Mary Wood. As a young man in Holland, he met Theodate Batchilder. Christopher, his new wife Theodate and her father & family Rev. Stephen Batchilder sailed for America in 1632 on the ship 'WILLIAM & FRANCIS'. Christopher was one of the first settlers of Hampton, New Hampshire. In 1639, Christopher Hussey was made Justice of the Peace. He also held office of town clerk & was a deacon in the church. He was one of the original "purchasers" of Nantuckett. Christopher Hussey was also a Sea Captain [and first whaler to take a sperm whale -- G.D.]. Christopher Hussey was the father of 3 boys and 3 girls.
SOURCE: The Internet website Heartland stated the following facts:

"He (Christopher) was admitted freeman in 1634 having journeyed to America aboard the William and Francis which arrived 5 June, 1632. In 1635 he was one of the first settlers in Hampton, New Hampshire. In 1639 her served as representative and again in 1658, 1659, and 1660. He was a provincial counsellor of New Hampshire and proprietor of Nantucket Island, Mass. Christopher died in 1685. He was married to Theodate, daughter of Rev. Stephen Batchelor."

Practical economic considerations motivated the early settlers. The first Nantucketers wanted to enhance their wealth and they chose the method that was currently most successful in England. The lifeblood of England was the wool textile industry. The geography of Nantucket was ideal for sheep raising. But sheep could not be raised profitably in most of New England because the land was heavily forested in the seventeenth century, and what land was cleared was needed for food crops. NANTUCKET ISLAND, however, was a natural sheep pasture.
The economic advantage of raising sheep on Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard was seen in earliest colonial times by (missionary) Thomas Mayhew, a Watertown merchant who bought Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard and the Elizabeth Islands from the original royal proprietor. Mayhew and his son set about Christianizing the Indians on the islands. In 1659, Mayhew sold Nantucket to nine defectors from the Bay Colony while keeping a tenth share for himself. In the same year ten other families were recruited to settle Nantucket (Island). This small company of less than 20 families determined to own the island in common, establish a society based on feudal property arrangements and develop a textile industry which they hoped would be as profitable as that in the old country. But unlike European feudal societies, which were church-ridden, the Nantucketers left their religion behind them in the Bay Colony. They were decidedly set against establishment religion and none existed on the island for the first half century. The ONLY practicing Christians were the Indians!
For the first half century of the island's history, there is little evidence of achievement. The homes that have survived from that period are modest and plain; they are totally lacking in ornament and luxury of any kind. ...Any hopes of developing a prosperous woolen industry on Nantucket were dashed in 1699 when Parliament passed an act that forbade the colonists to trade in woolen goods anywhere, including among themselves.
In 1712, a Nantucket whaler (HUSSEY) killed a sperm whale whose oil commanded a premium price. Soon the advantages of pursuing and harvesting sperm whales became evident. Homes that had been scattered for the most part in the western end of the island were taken apart and moved to the harbor area. ...By the third decade of the eighteenth century the Nantucketers had built a wharf to accommodate substantial vessels. A new industry was built whose raw material was taken from all the oceans of the world. Pioneering the oceans after the whale, Nantucket ships charted unknown waters, discovered Pacific islands and trade around the world.

Christopher Hussey* Captain (1599 - 1686)

is our 8th great grandfather
son of Christopher Hussey* Captain
son of Stephen Hussey *
son of Batchelor Hussey *
daughter of Christopher Hussey *
son of Amy Naomi Hussey *
daughter of Enoch Cox *
son of Phoebe Hinton Cox *
daughter of Noah Stewart *
son of Mary Lou Ella Stewart *

Thursday, June 6, 2013

Elder Hatevil Nutter (1603-1675)

  ...quoted from the History of Dover, NH by John Scales... 
 Elder Hatevil Nutter was born in England in 1603, as appears from a deposition he made.  It seems he did not come over with the first lot of emigrants in 1633, but in 1637 he bought a lot of Captain Thomas Wiggin, which was rebounded in 1640, as follows: "Butting on ye Fore River, east; and on ye west by High Street; on ye north by ye Lott of Samewell Haynes; and on ye south by Lott of William Story."
     His house stood on the east side of High Street, about 15 or 20 rods from the north corner of the meeting-house lot.  An old pear tree stands (1923) in the hollow, which was part of the cellar.  He received various grants of land from the town, and had part ownership of a saw-mill at Lamprey River.  His ship-yard was on the shore of Fore River; the locality can be easily found by reference to the map.  He was one of the first Elders of the First Church, and helped organize it in November, 1638.  He remained a zealous and generous supporter of the Church.  When the Quaker Missionaries created disturbance in 1662, he vigorously opposed them, contending they had no right to come to Dover and make a disturbance.  The Quaker Historian, Sewell, speaks very harshly of the Elder.  He says: "All this whipping of the Quaker women, by the Constables (in front of the meeting-house), was in the presence of one Hate-Evil Nutwell (Nutter), a Ruling Elder, who stirred up the Constables (John and Thomas Roberts) to this wicked action, as so proved that he bore a wrong name (Hate Evil)."

In 1662 three young Quaker women from England came to Dover. True to their
faith, they preached against professional ministers, restrictions on
individual conscience, and the established customs of the church-ruled
settlement. They openly argued with Dover's powerful Congregational
minister John Reyner. For six weeks the Quaker women held meetings and
services at various dwellings around Dover. Finally, one of the elders of
the First Church, Hatevil Nutter, had had enough. A petition by the
inhabitants of Dover was presented "humbly craving relief against the
spreading & the wicked errors of the Quakers among them". Captain Richard
Walderne (Waldron), crown magistrate, issued the following order: "To the
constables of Dover, Hampton, Salisbury, Newbury, Rowley, Ipswich, Wenham,
Linn, Boston, Roxbury, Dedham, and until these vagabond Quakers are carried
out of this jurisdiction, you, and every one of you are required in the name
of the King's Majesty's name, to take these vagabond Quakers, Ann Coleman,
Mary Tompkins, and Alice Ambrose, and make them fast to the cart's tail,
and driving the cart through your several towns, to whip their naked backs,
not exceeding ten stripes apiece on each of them, in each town; and so to
convey them from constable to constable, till they are out of this
jurisdiction". Walderne's punishment was severe, calling for whippings in
at least eleven towns, and requiring travel over eighty miles in bitterly
cold weather.
On a frigid winter day, constables John and Thomas Roberts of Dover seized
the three women. George Bishop recorded the follow account of events.
"Deputy Waldron caused these women to be stripped naked from the middle
upwards, and tied to a cart, and after awhile cruelly whipped them, whilst
the priest stood and looked and laughed at it." Sewall's History of the
Quakers continues " The women thus being whipped at Dover, were carried to
Hampton and there delivered to the constable...The constable the next
morning would have whipped them before day, but they refused , saying they
were not ashamed of their sufferings. Then he would have whipped them with
their clothes on, when he had tied them to the cart. But they said, 'set us
free, or do according to thine order. He then spoke to a woman to take off
their clothes. But she said she would not for all the world. Why, said he,
then I'll do it myself.. So he stripped them, and then stood trembling whip
in hand, and so he did the execution. Then he carried them to Salisbury
through the dirt and the snow half the leg deep; and here they were whipped
again. Indeed their bodies were so torn, that if Providence had not watched
over them, they might have been in danger of their lives." In Salisbury,
Walter Barefoot convinced the constable to swear him in as a deputy.
Barefoot received the women and the warrant, and put a stop to the
persecution. Dr. Barefoot dressed their wounds and returned them to the
Maine side of the Piscataqua River.

Eventually the Quaker women returned to Dover, and established a church. In
time, over a third of Dover's citizens became Quaker.

John Greenleaf Whittier immortalized the suffering of the Quaker women in
the following poem.

How They Drove the Quaker Women from Dover

The tossing spray of Cochecho's falls
Hardened to ice on its icy walls,
As through Dover town, in the chill gray dawn,
Three women passed, at the cart tail drawn,
Bared to the waist, for the north wind's grip
And keener sting of the constables whip
The blood that followed each hissing blow
Froze as it sprinkled the winter snow.
Priest and ruler, boy and maiden
followed the dismal cavalcade;
And from door and window, open thrown,
Looked and wondered, gaffer and crone.

[Amelia's note: The above John Roberts was Hatevil Nutter's son-in-law.]
Residence: 1633 Dover, New Hampshire ·  Note: was one of the first settlers 4 ·  Occupation: set up a sawmill on the Lamprey River which became a prosperous business. In 1659, he was elected the first Moderator of Dover 1647 4 ·  Religion: an influencial elder of the Dover church who persecuted Quakers and helped drive them out of Dover colony 1650 4  

Note: He was prominently identified with the early history and development of Dover, NH. He is presumed to be one of the "Company of persons of good estate and of some account for religion" who were induced to leave England with Capt. Wiggans in 1633 and to help Found on Dover Neck a compact town.

  Hatevil was a Puritan Elder who was active against the Quakers. He is listed as a puritan immigrant who came to America prior to 1640 on He is listed in 1653 in Dover Extracts as a freeman.

 The following was submitted by Jan Nutter Alpert.

 Dover 1674 I Hatevill Nutter of Dover in New England Aged about seventy one yeares at prsent weake in body but havinge in some good meashure (by gods blessinge) the use of my understandinge and memory, Do make this my last will and testament in maner and forme as followeth, hereby abrogatinge all former and other wills by me made, whatsoever Com'endinge my soule to my blessed god & saviour, my body to the Dust by christian buriall in hopes of a glorious resurection, I appoint and will my outward estate to be had and held as followeth viz: To my prsent wife Anne I will and bequeath (after my Debts payed and funerall expenses defrayed) the use and improvement of my prsent Dwellinge house barne orchard & land thereunto adjoininge, with all com'ons pastures priviledges and appurtenances thereunto belonginge, as also the use & benefit of that marsh which belonges to me in the great Bay, at Harwoods cove, the other halfe whereof I have formerly given to my son, Anthony, this also descendinge to him at his mothers Decease, To her also I bequeath the use of two other marshes, the one of them lyinge on the easterne, the other on the western side of the back river, which both fall from her to my Daughter mary Winget To her also my said wife I bequeath the use of my houshold stuff cattle Debtes goodes & all other movables whatsover; that is to say the above bequeathed partes of my estate I bequeath to her use Duringe her widdowhood, but if she shall see meet to marry I appoint that at or before her Marriage, halfe the movables or assignes and that then my Daugher Mary receive the marsh on the eastern side of the back river. The other halfe of the movables, and the house & land & other marshes to continue in her handes and use duringe her life, and at her Decease to descend as followeth--To my sonne Anthony Nutter his heires and assignes I Bequeath (besides what I have formerly made over to him) my mill-grant at Lamprill River with all dues and Demands priviledges and appurtenances thereunto belonginge to be had and held by him or them forever after my Decease. To him also I bequeath one third part of my movables as they fall from his mother at her marriage or Decease as above said. To him I also bequeath my prsent dwelling house barne orchard and land on dover neck with my right in the ox pasture calve pasture sheep pasture on the said neck as also one quarter part of my land graunted to be in the woodes above Cuchecha, with the priviledges and appurtenances belonginge to any and every one of them, to be had and held by him or them his said heires or assignes forever after the Decease of his mother. To my Daughter Abigail Roberts I Bequeath one halfe of my two hundred acres of Land granted to be in the woodes above cuchecha to be had & held by her her heires and assignes for ever after my Decease. Also to her I give one third part of my movables to be received as above said when they fall from her mother at marriage or Decease. To my Daughter Mary Winget her heires or assignes I bequeath the other quarter of the above said Land graunted to be above cuchecha to be had & held by her or them for ever after my Decease To her also I Give my marsh on the eastern side of the back river to be had & held by her her heires or assignes forever after the marriage, or Decease of her mother. To her also I give the other third part of the movables as they fall from her mother by mariage or decease as above said. Lastly I Do by these prsents Constitute and appoint, my wife Anne above said and my said sonne Anthony, joint executor and executrix of this my will, duringe their lives, and the longer liver of them solely after the Decease of either of them. In wittnes of the prmises I doe hereunto set my hand & seale this 28th day of Decembr Anno. D. 1674. Hatevill Nutter (seal)The word (mother) interlines betwene 40th & 41st Line before signing & sealinge Wittness Jno Reynr John Roberts (Proved June 29, 1675. See Court Records)Inventory, June 25, 1675; amount 398.7.4 pounds; signed by Henry Langstaff and Peter Coffin.
Source: The Nutter Home Page 

Hatevil Nutter * (1603 - 1675)
 is our 9th great grandfather
 daughter of Hatevil Nutter *
 daughter of Abigail Nutter *
 daughter of Abigail Roberts *
 son of Abigail Hall *
 daughter of Christopher Hussey *
 son of Amy Naomi Hussey *
 daughter of Enoch Cox *
 son of Phoebe Hinton Cox *
 daughter of Noah Stewart *
 son of Mary Lou Ella Stewart *